Aerosol optical depth measurements during the Aerosols99 experiment

Kenneth J. Voss, Ellsworth J. Welton, Patricia K. Quinn, Robert Frouin, Mark Miller, R. Michael Reynolds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Aerosols99 cruise took place during the period from January 14 to February 8, 1999, on the R/V Ronald Brown. The cruise track was almost a straight line in the southeast direction from Norfolk, Virginia, to Cape Town, South Africa, and afforded the opportunity to sample several different aerosol regimes over the North and South Atlantic. Handheld sunphotometers, a shadowband radiometer (FRSR), and a LIDAR were used to measure the aerosol optical depth (AOD) during the cruise. The AOD and angstrom exponent α (spectral dependence of the AOD) varied strongly between regimes. Maritime regions typically had AOD (500 nm) of approximately 0.10 ± 0.03, with α around 0.3 ± 0.3. An African dust event was encountered in which the AOD (500 nm) averaged 0.29 ± 0.05 with an α of 0.36 ± 0.13. At the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), no measurements were obtained because of cloudiness; however, after the ITCZ we encountered a biomass burning aerosol with high average AOD (500 nm) of 0.36 ± 0.13, and a high α (0.88 ± 0.30). Farther south the aerosol went back to the low levels of a typical marine aerosol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2000JD900783
Pages (from-to)20811-20819
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Volume106
Issue numberD18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 27 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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    Voss, K. J., Welton, E. J., Quinn, P. K., Frouin, R., Miller, M., & Reynolds, R. M. (2001). Aerosol optical depth measurements during the Aerosols99 experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 106(D18), 20811-20819. [2000JD900783]. https://doi.org/10.1029/2000JD900783