Aequorin mutants with increased thermostability

Xiaoge Qu, Laura Rowe, Emre Dikici, Mark Ensor, Sylvia Daunert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Bioluminescent labels can be especially useful for in vivo and live animal studies due to the negligible bioluminescence background in cells and most animals, and the non-toxicity of bioluminescent reporter systems. Significant thermal stability of bioluminescent labels is essential, however, due to the longitudinal nature and physiological temperature conditions of many bioluminescent-based studies. To improve the thermostability of the bioluminescent protein aequorin, we employed random and rational mutagenesis strategies to create two thermostable double mutants, S32T/E156V and M36I/E146K, and a particularly thermostable quadruple mutant, S32T/E156V/Q168R/L170I. The double aequorin mutants, S32T/E156V and M36I/E146K, retained 4 and 2.75 times more of their initial bioluminescence activity than wild-type aequorin during thermostability studies at 37 °C. Moreover, the quadruple aequorin mutant, S32T/E156V/Q168R/L170I, exhibited more thermostability at a variety of temperatures than either double mutant alone, producing the most thermostable aequorin mutant identified thus far.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5639-5643
Number of pages5
JournalAnalytical and bioanalytical chemistry
Issue number23
StatePublished - Sep 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry


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