Advancing science and services during the 2015/16 el niño: The NOAA El Niño Rapid Response Field Campaign

Randall M. Dole, J. Ryan Spackman, Matthew Newman, Gilbert P. Compo, Catherine A. Smith, Leslie M. Hartten, Joseph J. Barsugli, Robert S. Webb, Martin P. Hoerling, Robert Cifelli, Klaus Wolter, Christopher D. Barnet, Maria Gehne, Ronald Gelaro, George N. Kiladis, Scott Abbott, Elena Akish, John Albers, John M. Brown, Christopher J. CoxLisa Darby, Gijsde Boer, Barbara DeLuisi, Juliana Dias, Jason Dunion, Jon Eischeid, Christopher Fairall, Antonia Gambacorta, Brian K. Gorton, Andrew Hoell, Janet Intrieri, Darren Jackson, Paul E. Johnston, Richard Lataitis, Kelly M. Mahoney, Katherine McCaffrey, H. Alex McColl, Michael J. Mueller, Donald Murray, Paul J. Neiman, William Otto, Ola Persson, Xiao Wei Quan, Imtiaz Rangwala, Andrea J. Ray, David Reynolds, Emily Riley Dellaripa, Karen Rosenlof, Naoko Sakaeda, Prashant D. Sardeshmukh, Laura C. Slivinski, Lesley Smith, Amy Solomon, Dustin Swales, Stefan Tulich, Allen White, Gary Wick, Matthew G. Winterkorn, Daniel E. Wolfe, Robert Zamora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acting on climate forecasts in summer 2015, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) rapidly designed and executed the first field campaign to intensively observe atmospheric conditions over the tropical Pacific during a strong El NinÃo. NOAA initiated the El NinÃo Rapid Response (ENRR). The ENRR included an observational field campaign led by NOAA/ESRL/PSD, together with model experiments intended to optimize the campaign's field strategy and support services during the event. Ultimately, the full ENRR involved coordination across NOAA and important contributions from external partners. Our focus here is on the ENRR field campaign, the first of its kind to intensively observe atmospheric conditions in the region of enhanced deep convection over the central tropical Pacific during an El NinÃo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)975-1001
Number of pages27
JournalBulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Volume99
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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