Adulthood personality correlates of childhood adversity

Charles S. Carver, Sheri L. Johnson, Michael E. McCullough, Daniel E. Forster, Jutta Joormann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Childhood adversity has been linked to internalizing and externalizing disorders and personality disorders in adulthood. This study extends that research by examining several personality measures as correlates of childhood adversity. Method: In a college sample self-reports were collected of childhood adversity, several scales relating to personality, and current depression symptoms as a control variable. The personality-related scales were reduced to four latent variables, which we termed anger/aggression, extrinsic focus, agreeableness, and engagement. Results: Controlling for concurrent depressive symptoms and gender, higher levels of reported childhood adversity related to lower agreeableness and to higher anger/aggression and extrinsic focus. Conclusions: Findings suggest that early adversity is linked to personality variables relevant to the building of social connection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1357
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume5
Issue numberNOV
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Adversity
  • Aggression
  • Agreeableness
  • Extrinsic focus
  • Interdependence
  • Pride
  • Social connection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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