Adrenergic Agents

Kathy Hebert, Andre Macedo Dias

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Adrenergic agonists, also known as adrenergic amines, function at the level of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) which is part of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). They produce their effects by acting on adrenergic receptors. These agents have a broad spectrum of activity including peripheral excitatory action on certain types of smooth muscle (blood vessels supplying skin, kidney, and mucous membranes), peripheral inhibitory action on certain other types of smooth muscle (gut, bronchial tree, blood vessels supplying skeletal muscle), positive inotropic and chronotropic effects on the heart, regulation of endocrine system, and central nervous system (CNS) action such as respiratory stimulation. They have a wide variety of clinical applications. In this chapter we will describe the mechanisms of adrenergic receptor activation and provide an overview of the major adrenergic agonists as well as an individual approach to the most common agents used in clinical practice including their potential harmful effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPanVascular Medicine, Second Edition
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Pages931-951
Number of pages21
ISBN (Print)9783642370786, 9783642370779
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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  • Cite this

    Hebert, K., & Macedo Dias, A. (2015). Adrenergic Agents. In PanVascular Medicine, Second Edition (pp. 931-951). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-37078-6_27