Adoption of radial access and comparison of outcomes to femoral access in percutaneous coronary intervention an updated report from the national cardiovascular data registry (2007-2012)

Dmitriy N. Feldman, Rajesh V. Swaminathan, Lisa A. Kaltenbach, Dmitri V. Baklanov, Luke K. Kim, S. Chiu Wong, Robert M. Minutello, John C. Messenger, Issam Moussa, Kirk N. Garratt, Robert N. Piana, William B. Hillegass, Mauricio G. Cohen, Ian C. Gilchrist, Sunil V. Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

308 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Radial access for percutaneous coronary intervention (r-PCI) is associated with reduced vascular complications; however, previous reports have shown that <2% of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures in the United States are performed via the radial approach. Our aims were to evaluate temporal trends in r-PCI and compare procedural outcomes between r-PCI and transfemoral PCI. Methods and Results: We conducted a retrospective cohort study from the CathPCI registry (n=2 820 874 procedures from 1381 sites) between January 2007 and September 2012. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate the adjusted association between r-PCI and bleeding, vascular complications, and procedural success, using transfemoral PCI as the reference. Outcomes in high-risk subgroups such as age ≥75 years, women, and patients with acute coronary syndrome were also examined. The proportion of r-PCI procedures increased from 1.2% in quarter 1 2007 to 16.1% in quarter 3 2012 and accounted for 6.3% of total procedures from 2007 to 2012 (n=178 643). After multivariable adjustment, r-PCI use in the studied cohort of patients was associated with lower risk of bleeding (adjusted odds ratio, 0.51; 95% confidence interval, 0.49-0.54) and lower risk of vascular complications (adjusted odds ratio, 0.39; 95% confidence interval, 0.31-0.50) in comparison with transfemoral PCI. The reduction in bleeding and vascular complications was consistent across important subgroups of age, sex, and clinical presentation. Conclusions: There has been increasing adoption of r-PCI in the United States. Transradial PCI now accounts for 1 of 6 PCIs performed in contemporary clinical practice. In comparison with traditional femoral access, transradial PCI is associated with lower vascular and bleeding complication rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2295-2306
Number of pages12
JournalCirculation
Volume127
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 11 2013

Keywords

  • Hemmorhage
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention
  • Radial artery
  • Vascular complication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Feldman, D. N., Swaminathan, R. V., Kaltenbach, L. A., Baklanov, D. V., Kim, L. K., Wong, S. C., Minutello, R. M., Messenger, J. C., Moussa, I., Garratt, K. N., Piana, R. N., Hillegass, W. B., Cohen, M. G., Gilchrist, I. C., & Rao, S. V. (2013). Adoption of radial access and comparison of outcomes to femoral access in percutaneous coronary intervention an updated report from the national cardiovascular data registry (2007-2012). Circulation, 127(23), 2295-2306. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.112.000536