Adjustment to breast cancer: The psychobiological effects of psychosocial interventions

Gieta Van Der Pompe, Michael Antoni, Adriaan Visser, Bert Garssen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

This review focuses on the effects of psychosocial interventions on psychological and biological functioning of breast cancer patients. Once in their lifetime, one out of eleven women receive a diagnosis of breast cancer. A diagnosis of breast cancer is a severe stressful life event with profound consequences on all aspects of human life. Whether a woman will regain emotional balance and accept the idea of living with a potentially life threatening disease depends on her psychological resiliency. Provision of psychosocial interventions can improve these women's coping abilities and reduce emotional distress and feelings of isolation, and improve psychosexual functioning. Additionally, there exists some evidence that psychotherapy may prolong survival. Prolongation of survival may be related, in part, to an increase in certain aspects of immune function (e.g., natural killer cell activity). This is plausible because the function of the immune system seems to be related to mammary tumor growth. Therefore, future research should examine the degree to which the effects on mammary tumor growth relate to immune system changes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-219
Number of pages11
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1996

Keywords

  • Adjustment
  • Breast cancer
  • Immune function
  • Psychosocial intervention
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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