Context: Primary aldosteronism (PA) has been recently associated with an unfavorable cardiometabolic profile. However, whether pro- and antiinflammatory adipokines levels can vary in PA is unknown. Objective: We evaluated the circulating levels of resistin, leptin, and adiponectin, echocardiographic left ventricle (LV) parameters, and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (SM) in subjects with PA. Patients: Seventy-five subjects with established diagnosis of PA and 232 consecutive individuals with known or suspected hypertension were enrolled. Main Outcome Measures: Plasma adipokine levels and echocardiographic parameters were calculated. Prevalence of SM was also estimated. Results: Among the 75 PA subjects, 37 patients were affected by aldosterone-producing adenoma and 38 by idiopathic hyperaldosteronism; 40 subjects were affected by essential hypertension (EH) and SM (EH SM+); 152 subjects were affected by EH without SM (EH SM-); and 40 subjects were normotensive (NT). Subjects with PA had the highest plasma resistin levels among the four groups (P < 0.01). Plasma resistin concentration was significantly higher in PA subjects when compared with EH SM+individuals (P < 0.01) and EH SM- subjects (P < 0.01). PA subjects showed the higher LV mass and left atrium than EH individuals, irrespectively of the presence ofSM(P < 0.01 for both). Plasma resistin levels was significantly correlated with ejection fraction and LV end-diastolic volume. The prevalence of SM was higher in PA subjects than in those with EH (25.4 vs. 20.3%). Conclusions: Our data suggest that elevated aldosterone levels is associated with elevated circulating resistin levels and cardiac morphological changes independently of the presence of SM.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical