Adenoviral-mediated overexpression of the melanoma differentiation-associated gene 7 (Ad-mda7) induces apoptosis in a wide range of cancer cells, although the mechanism is not well understood. We report that Ad-mda7 induces and activates the double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR), which leads to phosphorylation of the α subunit of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 (eIF-2α) and the induction of apoptosis in lung cancer cells. Treatment with 2-aminopurine (2-AP), a serine/threonine kinase inhibitor, inhibits PKR activation, eIF2α phosphorylation, and apoptosis induction by Ad-mda7. Additionally, PKR null but not wild-type fibroblasts are resistant to Ad-mda7-induced apoptosis. These results suggest that the activation of PKR and its downstream targets may be a critical pathway for Ad-mda7-mediated apoptosis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Apr 15 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research