Adenoviral-mediated p53 transgene expression sensitizes both wild-type and null p53 prostate cancer cells in vitro to radiation

Philip J. Colletier, Faramarz Ashoori, Didier Cowen, Raymond E. Meyn, Philip Tofilon, Marvin E. Meistrich, Alan Pollack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Purpose/Objective: The effect of adenoviral-mediated p53 transgene expression on the radiation response of two human prostate cancer cell lines, the p53(wild-type) LNCaP and p53(null) PC3 lines, was examined. The objective was to determine if this vector sensitizes cells to radiation independently of their p53 status.Methods and Materials: A recombinant adenovirus-5 vector (RPR/INGN 201, Introgen Therapeutics, Houston, TX) containing a CMV promoter and wild-type p53-cDNA (Ad5-p53) was used to facilitate p53 transgene expression. A multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 10-40 viral particles per cell was used, based on Ad5/CMV/lacz infection and staining for the β-galactosidase reporter gene product. Clonogenic assays were performed to evaluate the degree of sensitization to radiation of viral-transduced cells compared with irradiated nontransduced controls. The relative efficacy of these treatments to induce apoptotic cell death was determined using the TUNEL assay.Results: The delivery of Ad5-p53 (10 MOI) reduced control plating efficiency from 36.5% to 0.86% in the LNCaP cell line and from 75.1% to 4.1% in the PC3 cell line. After correcting for the effect of Ad5-p53 on plating efficiency, the surviving fraction after 2 Gy (SF2) of gamma-irradiation was reduced over 2.5-fold, from 0.187 to 0.072, with transgene p53 expression in the LNCaP cell line. Surviving fraction after 4 Gy (SF4) was reduced over 4.5-fold, from 0.014 to 0.003, after Ad5-p53 treatment. In the PC3 cell line, Ad5-p53 (40 MOI) reduced SF2 over 1.9-fold from 0.708 to 0.367, and SF4 over 6-fold from 0.335 to 0.056. In both the LNCaP and PC3 cell lines, the combination of Ad5-p53 plus radiation (2 Gy) resulted in supra-additive apoptosis (~20% for LNCaP and ~15% for PC3 at 50 MOI), above that seen from the addition of the controls; control vector Ad5-pA plus RT (0.15% for LNCaP and 1.44% for PC3), Ad5-p53 alone (28.6% for LNCaP and 21.7% for PC3), RT alone (0% for LNCaP and 0.23% for PC3), or Ad5-pA alone (0.1% for LNCaP and 0.29% for PC3).Conclusion: The clonogenic survival and apoptosis data demonstrate that p53 transgene expression sensitizes human prostate adenocarcinoma cells in vitro to irradiation. As this effect was observed in both the p53(wild-type) LNCaP and p53(null) PC3 lines, radiosensitization was independent of p53 status. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1507-1512
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

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Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Gene therapy
  • p53
  • Prostate cancer
  • Radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiation

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