Acute retroviral syndrome presenting with hemolytic anemia induced by G6PD deficiency

Tiago Araujo, Vatsala Katiyar, Jose A.Gonzales Zamora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common enzyme defect described in humans. Hemolysis in affected patients is usually triggered by circumstances involving free radical damage. While acute HIV infection is known to be a state of overwhelming oxidative stress, virus-induced hemolytic events in G6PD-deficient patients has rarely been reported. Despite an estimated overall prevalence of 6.8%-13% of this disorder in the HIV population, clinically significant hemolysis has been largely attributed to the use of offending medications rather than HIV infection itself. Here, we present a patient whose first episode of G6PD deficiency-associated hemolysis occurred as the main presentation of acute HIV infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbertropicalmed4010006
JournalTropical Medicine and Infectious Disease
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Acute HIV
  • Acute retroviral syndrome
  • G6PD deficiency
  • Hemolysis
  • Hemolytic anemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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