Acute phase protein quantitation in serum samples from healthy Atlantic bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)

Carolyn Cray, Kristopher L. Arheart, Michael Hunt, Tonya Clauss, Lynda L. Leppert, Kevin Roberts, Stephen D. McCulloch, Juli D. Goldstein, Christie Gonzalez, Jay Sweeney, Rae Stone, Patricia A. Fair, Gregory D. Bossart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Acute phase proteins (APPs) have been studied in many companion and large animals and have been reported to have a differential sensitivity to traditional markers of inflammation. Studies have been performed indicating the conservation of these proteins as well as the application and cross-reactivity of automated assays among different species, but few reports have detailed APPs in marine mammal species. In the present study, automated assays were utilized to generate reference intervals for C-reactive protein, haptoglobin, and serum amyloid A using 44 serum samples from healthy Atlantic bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). A total of 25 samples were obtained from dolphins under human care and 19 samples were obtained from free-ranging dolphins. Mild yet statistically significant differences were observed in levels of haptoglobin and serum amyloid A between these groups. The reference intervals from the combined groups were as follows: C-reactive protein 3.1-19.7 mg/l, haptoglobin 0-0.37mg/ml, and serum amyloid A 17.5-42.9 mg/l. These baseline data should provide an important foundation for future studies of the application of APP quantitation in monitoring the health and stressors of dolphins under human care and with live capture of free-ranging dolphins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-111
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2013


  • Acute phase protein
  • acute phase response
  • bottlenose dolphins
  • C-reactive protein
  • haptoglobin
  • inflammation
  • serum amyloid A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Acute phase protein quantitation in serum samples from healthy Atlantic bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this