Acute Phase Protein Levels in Rabbits with Suspected Encephalitozoon cuniculi Infection

Carolyn Cray, Marilyn Rodriguez, Yaima Fernandez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The objective of this study was to evaluate the application of acute phase protein assays for C-reactive protein (CRP), haptoglobin (HP), and serum amyloid A (SAA) in the diagnosis of Encephalitozoon cuniculi (ECUN) infection in pet rabbits. Serum samples from 48 pet rabbits were submitted from veterinary clinics within the United States. Participating veterinarians completed a questionnaire that was used to classify rabbits as either non-ECUN suspect (n = 19) or suspected of having ECUN infection (n = 29). A previously described enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay diagnostic test was used to detect immunoglobulin G (IgG) titers against ECUN. Samples were additionally tested for levels of CRP, HP, and SAA. A nearly 10-fold mean increase in CRP levels was observed in the ECUN-suspect group. This increase was significant (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in HP or SAA levels between the clinical groups. These data support the use of CRP as an adjunct test in the diagnosis of ECUN infection in pet rabbits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)280-286
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Exotic Pet Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013


  • Acute phase protein
  • C-reactive protein
  • Encephalitozoon cuniculi
  • Haptoglobin
  • Protein electrophoresis
  • Serum amyloid A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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