Acute-onset postoperative endophthalmitis: Review of incidence and visual outcomes (1995-2001)

Charles W.G. Eifrig, Harry W. Flynn, Ingrid U. Scott, Jean Newton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

140 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence rate of acute-onset postoperative endophthalmitis and to assess visual acuity outcomes after treatment from the most recent 7 years (1995-2001) compared with the previous 11 years (1984-1994) among patients undergoing intraocular surgery at the same institution. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records were reviewed of all patients undergoing intraocular surgery at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute between January 1, 1995 and December 31, 2001. RESULTS: The 7-year incidence rate of acute-onset postoperative endophthalmitis was 0.05% (17 of 35,916 intraocular surgeries). The number of patients with endophthalmitis (incidence) and their median final visual acuity for each surgical category are as follows: cataract extraction: 8/21,972 (0.04%) - 20/100; glaucoma surgery: 4/1,970 (0.2%) - 20/70; penetrating keratoplasty: 2/2,362 (0.08%) - light perception; pars plana vitrectomy: 2/7,429 (0.03%) - hand movements; secondary intraocular lens placement: 1/485 (0.2%) - 20/40. Of the 8 cases of endophthalmitis after cataract surgery, 6 cases occurred after phacoemulsification and 2 of these cases had a clear corneal sutureless incision. CONCLUSION: The most recent 7-year incidence rate of acute-onset postoperative endophthalmitis is significantly lower than that of the previous 11 years (0.05% versus 0.09%; P=0.031) at the same institution. Visual acuity outcomes after treatment were generally better in cataract surgery, glaucoma surgery, and secondary intraocular lens categories compared to pars plana vitrectomy and penetrating keratoplasty categories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-378
Number of pages6
JournalOphthalmic Surgery and Lasers
Volume33
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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