Acute necrotizing pancreatitis in the opossum: Earliest morphological changes involve acinar cells

M. M. Lerch, A. K. Saluja, R. Dawra, P. Ramarao, M. Saluja, M. L. Steer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

134 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute pancreatitis was induced by ligating the opossum common biliopancreatic duct immediately proximal to its entry into the duodenum, and macroscopic as well as microscopic changes were evaluated during the subsequent 24 hours. Transient pancreatic edema and progressive hyperamylasemia were noted within 6 hours of pancreatic and bile duct ligation. Light microscopic evidence of pancreatic injury including acinar cell necrosis, hemorrhage, fat necrosis, and inflammatory cell infiltration was noted within 12 hours of duct obstruction. Electron microscopic changes included massive dilatation of the rough endoplasmic reticulum and disruption of the apical plasmalemma of acinar cells during the initial 3 hours. These observations indicate that pancreatic and bile duct ligation in the opossum results in the rapid (< 24 hours) appearance of changes consistent with acute hemorrhagic and necrotizing pancreatitis and that the initial lesion in this model of experimental pancreatitis involves acinar cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-213
Number of pages9
JournalGastroenterology
Volume103
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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