Acute Multifocal Hemorrhagic Retinal Vasculitis

Mark S. Blumenkranz, Henry J. Kaplan, John G. Clarkson, William W. Culbertson, George A. Williams, Robert C. Kleiner, Richard H. Meissner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The authors present a series of seven patients with acute visual loss associated with mild anterior uveitis, multifocal retinal vasculitis, retinal capillary nonperfusion, retinal hemorrhage, disc swelling, and vitreitis. Oral prednisone was of some benefit in these patients and oral acyclovir was generally ineffective. Neovascular complications including retinal, disc, choroidal, and iris new vessels were common, requiring photocoagulation in five patients. Horseshoe tears developed in two patients in zones of uninvolved retina but retinal detachment did not occur. The etiology remains unknown, although it may represent either a localized ocular form of Behcet's disease or other systemic syndrome, infection with a herpes group virus other than zoster varicella virus, or a manifestation of an undefined infectious agent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1663-1672
Number of pages10
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1988


  • Behçet's disease
  • Eales' disease
  • acute multifocal hemorrhagc retinal vasculitis
  • acute retinal necrosis
  • branch retinal vein obstruction
  • iris rubeosis
  • neovascular glaucoma
  • optic neuritis
  • retinal neovascularization
  • retinal vasculitis
  • viral retinitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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