Activation of Notch1 signaling is required for β-catenin-mediated human primary melanoma progression

Klara Balint, Min Xiao, Chelsea C. Pinnix, Akinobu Soma, Imre Veres, Istvan Juhasz, Eric J. Brown, Anthony J. Capobianco, Meenhard Herlyn, Zhao Jun Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

275 Scopus citations


Notch is a highly conserved transmembrane receptor that determines cell fate. Notch signaling denotes cleavage of the Notch intracellular domain, its translocation to the nucleus, and subsequent activation of target gene transcription. Involvement of Notch signaling in several cancers is well known, but its role in melanoma remains poorly characterized. Here we show that the Notch1 pathway is activated in human melanoma. Blocking Notch signaling suppressed whereas constitutive activation of the Notch1 pathway enhanced primary melanoma cell growth both in vitro and in vivo yet had little effect on metastatic melanoma cells. Activation of Notch1 signaling enabled primary melanoma cells to gain metastatic capability. Furthermore, the oncogenic effect of Notch1 on primary melanoma cells was mediated by β-catenin, which was upregulated following Notch1 activation. Inhibiting β-catenin expression reversed Notch1-enhanced tumor growth and metastasis. Our data therefore suggest a β-catenin-dependent, stage-specific role for Notch1 signaling in promoting the progression of primary melanoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3166-3176
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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