Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes a decline in immunological functioning with time. This may lead to the occurrence of HIV‐related symptoms or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), which is likely to be a terminal condition. The knowledge of having a positive HIV antibody test, therefore, brings about a psychosocial crisis in many individuals. This papers discusses the type of problems that HIV‐infected homosexual men are confronted with during the various stages of the disease, and the characteristics of persons who are particularly vulnerable to developing these problems. In addition, a short review will be presented of what is known about the effect of psychosocial factors on progression of HIV infection. Finally, strategies for psychosocial intervention, and recommendations for psychotherapists will be presented.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Psychology