ACE2-cytomimetic particles restrict SARS-Cov-2 spike protein binding to cellular targets

Thomas A. Strong, Daniel Pelaez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The development of countermeasures that aid in the prevention and propagation of SARS-CoV-2 infections is critical to manage the continuing crisis brought about by COVID-19. Here we present a proof-of-concept study on the use of cell-mimetic microparticles (Cytomimetics) for the interference and sequestration of SARS-CoV-2 virions away from the cellular surfaces required for replication, disease manifestation, and outbreak propagation. Recombinant human ACE2 (rhACE2) functionalized onto the surface of cytomimetic particles binds the receptor binding domain (RBD) of recombinant SARS-CoV-2 spike protein with high affinity and demonstrated a stoichiometric advantage over the use of soluble rhACE2. Inhalation of rhACE2-Cytomimetic particles by mice prior to their exposure to aerosolized spike protein demonstrated the applicability of these cytomimetic particles in preventing viral protein binding to respiratory epithelial cells. Our study demonstrates the potential of an easily deliverable and highly modular technology for the control of viral infections and to complement other prophylactic countermeasures

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00681
JournalBiotechnology Reports
Volume32
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE2) carboxypeptidase
  • COVID-19
  • Countermeasures
  • Cytomimetics
  • SARS-CoV-2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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