ACE inhibition scintigraphy in the management of hypertension in children

Jayanthi J. Chandar, George N. Sfakianakis, Gaston E. Zilleruelo, Jorge J. Guerra, Mike F. Georgiou, Carolyn L. Abitbol, Brenda S. Montane, Jose Strauss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition scintirenography was performed to help establish the diagnosis and plan treatment of renovascular hypertension (RVH) in 57 hypertensive pediatric patients, 33 infants and 24 children older than 1 year. In 16 of 33 hypertensive infants, ACE inhibition scintirenography established the diagnosis of RVH from renal ischemia (due to aortic or renal arterial thrombi). Two scintigraphic criteria were used for the diagnosis of RVH: criterion I, ischemic and damaged kidney (a non-functioning kidney on or off ACE inhibition) and criterion II, ischemic but not damaged kidney (ACE inhibition induced deterioration of function of the kidney). When criterion I was present and the contralateral kidney was normal, ACE inhibitors could be used for treatment of hypertension without deterioration of renal function; kidneys satisfying criterion I eventually involuted or manifested growth arrest and frequently caused persistent RVH, even after resolution of the thrombus, requiring nephrectomy. When criterion II was present bilaterally, or it was associated with criterion I contralaterally, the use of antihypertensive drugs other than ACE inhibitors was necessary in order to prevent renal insufficiency or failure from ACE inhibitors. However, kidneys with criterion II showed normal growth and, following retraction or dissolution of the aortic thrombus, hypertension resolved. In 2 of 24 hypertensive children older than 1 year, the test was diagnostic of branch renal artery stenosis; RVH was cured by selective angioplasty. ACE inhibition scintirenography is useful in the evaluation and planning of treatment in children with hypertension and may predict the outcome of therapy and ultimate renal function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)493-500
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric Nephrology
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1999

Keywords

  • Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition scintirenography
  • Aortic thrombus
  • Branch renal artery stenosis
  • Captopril renal scan
  • Renal angioplasty
  • Renovascular hypertension
  • Umbilical artery catheterization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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