Accuracy of the Region of Limb Stability in Predicting Risk for Lower Limb Injury

Luis A. Feigenbaum, Ignacio Gaunaurd, Kyoung J.A.E. Kim, Michele A. Raya, Jeffrey T. Ruiz, Julia Rapicavoli, Thomas M. Best, L. E.E. Kaplan, Robert S. Gailey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose This study aimed to determine whether a measure of lower limb segment stability derived from body-worn inertial measurement units can predict risk for lower limb musculoskeletal injury in Division I Collegiate Football Players (D1CFP). Methods The region of limb stability (ROLS) values were collected in a cohort of D1CFP during preseason. ROLS is a measure of knee joint stability, defined by thigh and shank excursion (cm2) in the anterior-posterior and medial-lateral direction during single limb stance. The ROLS symmetry index (SI) (%) is the ratio between lower limb ROLS values where 100% suggests absolute symmetry. Results One-hundred and four D1CFP participated in this study and were divided into two groups: 1) no previous lower limb injury or no in-season injury (n = 70, "noninjured group") and 2) no previous lower limb injury, but in-season injury requiring surgery (n = 34, "injured group"group). The mean ± SD ROLS SI was 82.86% ± 14.75% and 65.58% ± 16.46% for the noninjured and injured group, respectively. Significant differences in ROLS SI were found between groups (P < 0.001). The ROLS SI demonstrated an area under the curve of 0.8 (P < 0.001; 95% confidence interval = 0.71-0.88) with an SE of 0.04, indicating that the ROLS SI has good predictive accuracy in detecting those healthy D1CFP at risk for lower limb injury resulting in surgery. Conclusion The ROLS SI was found to have good predictive accuracy in detecting individuals at risk for injury that were healthy and asymptomatic during preseason testing. Increase in thigh and shank excursions and/or decrease in SI between lower limbs may be a predictor of risk for future injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2483-2488
Number of pages6
JournalMedicine and science in sports and exercise
Volume52
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020

Keywords

  • INJURIES
  • LOWER LIMB
  • REGION OF LIMB STABILITY
  • RELATIVE RISK
  • SINGLE LIMB STANCE
  • SURGERY

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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