Accuracy of systolic time intervals in detecting abnormal left ventricular performance in coronary artery disease

Richard S. Stack, Young H. Sohn, Arnold M. Weissler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sixty-six consecutive patients with a history of previous myocardial infarction and 48 patients with angina pectoris without evidence of previous myocardial infarction, all of whom had diagnostic coronary arteriography and left ventriculography, were studied in a prospective analysis of the accuracy of noninvasively determined systolic time intervals as a measure of global left ventricular performance. Forty-one patients who were evaluated for atypical chest pain and found to have normal coronary arteries and left ventricular performance served as control subjects. Six methods of statistical analysis were employed in assessing the accuracy of systolic time intervals in relation to the left ventricular ejection fraction: (1) analysis of variance, (2) cumulative distribution analysis, (3) correlation, (4) sensitivity and specificity, (5) percent agreement, and (6) logistic regression analysis. These tests permitted comparison between the systolic time intervals and the angiographic left ventricular ejection fraction. Analysis of variance revealed identical discriminating power for the ratio of the preejection period to left ventricular ejection time (PEP/ LVET) and left ventricular ejection fraction in separating the normal group and patients without previous myocardial infarction from the patients with previous myocardial infarction. The preejection period and left ventricular ejection time corrected for heart rate were less discriminating than left ventricular ejection fraction or PEP/LVET. The cumulative distribution plots for the left ventricular ejection fraction and PEP/LVET in the three groups of patients were remarkably similar. The correlation of PEP/LVET and left ventricular ejection fraction for all three groups of patients was 0.84. The sensitivity and specificity of the PEP/LVET in relation to the left ventricular ejection fraction were 88 and 96 percent, respectively. The overall agreement between the two measures in detecting the prevalence of abnormality in global left ventricular performance in subgroups of patients was 92 percent. By logistic regression analysis the two measures had equal capacity in discriminating the patients with previous myocardial infarction from the control group. The multiple strategies of comparison employed in this study document the close relation of measures of the timing of the left ventricular contraction cycle by systolic time intervals and estimates of the extent of left ventricular contraction by ejection fraction in patients with coronary artery disease. It is concluded that these measures afford independent and complementary methods of defining the presence of abnormal left ventricular performance in the resting supine patient with coronary artery disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)603-609
Number of pages7
JournalThe American journal of cardiology
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1981
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Systole
Coronary Artery Disease
Stroke Volume
Myocardial Infarction
Analysis of Variance
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Sensitivity and Specificity
Angina Pectoris
Chest Pain
Coronary Vessels
Angiography
Heart Rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Accuracy of systolic time intervals in detecting abnormal left ventricular performance in coronary artery disease. / Stack, Richard S.; Sohn, Young H.; Weissler, Arnold M.

In: The American journal of cardiology, Vol. 47, No. 3, 01.01.1981, p. 603-609.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stack, Richard S. ; Sohn, Young H. ; Weissler, Arnold M. / Accuracy of systolic time intervals in detecting abnormal left ventricular performance in coronary artery disease. In: The American journal of cardiology. 1981 ; Vol. 47, No. 3. pp. 603-609.
@article{e099fdf33b514719be38a5c9d90a12e7,
title = "Accuracy of systolic time intervals in detecting abnormal left ventricular performance in coronary artery disease",
abstract = "Sixty-six consecutive patients with a history of previous myocardial infarction and 48 patients with angina pectoris without evidence of previous myocardial infarction, all of whom had diagnostic coronary arteriography and left ventriculography, were studied in a prospective analysis of the accuracy of noninvasively determined systolic time intervals as a measure of global left ventricular performance. Forty-one patients who were evaluated for atypical chest pain and found to have normal coronary arteries and left ventricular performance served as control subjects. Six methods of statistical analysis were employed in assessing the accuracy of systolic time intervals in relation to the left ventricular ejection fraction: (1) analysis of variance, (2) cumulative distribution analysis, (3) correlation, (4) sensitivity and specificity, (5) percent agreement, and (6) logistic regression analysis. These tests permitted comparison between the systolic time intervals and the angiographic left ventricular ejection fraction. Analysis of variance revealed identical discriminating power for the ratio of the preejection period to left ventricular ejection time (PEP/ LVET) and left ventricular ejection fraction in separating the normal group and patients without previous myocardial infarction from the patients with previous myocardial infarction. The preejection period and left ventricular ejection time corrected for heart rate were less discriminating than left ventricular ejection fraction or PEP/LVET. The cumulative distribution plots for the left ventricular ejection fraction and PEP/LVET in the three groups of patients were remarkably similar. The correlation of PEP/LVET and left ventricular ejection fraction for all three groups of patients was 0.84. The sensitivity and specificity of the PEP/LVET in relation to the left ventricular ejection fraction were 88 and 96 percent, respectively. The overall agreement between the two measures in detecting the prevalence of abnormality in global left ventricular performance in subgroups of patients was 92 percent. By logistic regression analysis the two measures had equal capacity in discriminating the patients with previous myocardial infarction from the control group. The multiple strategies of comparison employed in this study document the close relation of measures of the timing of the left ventricular contraction cycle by systolic time intervals and estimates of the extent of left ventricular contraction by ejection fraction in patients with coronary artery disease. It is concluded that these measures afford independent and complementary methods of defining the presence of abnormal left ventricular performance in the resting supine patient with coronary artery disease.",
author = "Stack, {Richard S.} and Sohn, {Young H.} and Weissler, {Arnold M.}",
year = "1981",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/0002-9149(81)90544-0",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "603--609",
journal = "American Journal of Cardiology",
issn = "0002-9149",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Accuracy of systolic time intervals in detecting abnormal left ventricular performance in coronary artery disease

AU - Stack, Richard S.

AU - Sohn, Young H.

AU - Weissler, Arnold M.

PY - 1981/1/1

Y1 - 1981/1/1

N2 - Sixty-six consecutive patients with a history of previous myocardial infarction and 48 patients with angina pectoris without evidence of previous myocardial infarction, all of whom had diagnostic coronary arteriography and left ventriculography, were studied in a prospective analysis of the accuracy of noninvasively determined systolic time intervals as a measure of global left ventricular performance. Forty-one patients who were evaluated for atypical chest pain and found to have normal coronary arteries and left ventricular performance served as control subjects. Six methods of statistical analysis were employed in assessing the accuracy of systolic time intervals in relation to the left ventricular ejection fraction: (1) analysis of variance, (2) cumulative distribution analysis, (3) correlation, (4) sensitivity and specificity, (5) percent agreement, and (6) logistic regression analysis. These tests permitted comparison between the systolic time intervals and the angiographic left ventricular ejection fraction. Analysis of variance revealed identical discriminating power for the ratio of the preejection period to left ventricular ejection time (PEP/ LVET) and left ventricular ejection fraction in separating the normal group and patients without previous myocardial infarction from the patients with previous myocardial infarction. The preejection period and left ventricular ejection time corrected for heart rate were less discriminating than left ventricular ejection fraction or PEP/LVET. The cumulative distribution plots for the left ventricular ejection fraction and PEP/LVET in the three groups of patients were remarkably similar. The correlation of PEP/LVET and left ventricular ejection fraction for all three groups of patients was 0.84. The sensitivity and specificity of the PEP/LVET in relation to the left ventricular ejection fraction were 88 and 96 percent, respectively. The overall agreement between the two measures in detecting the prevalence of abnormality in global left ventricular performance in subgroups of patients was 92 percent. By logistic regression analysis the two measures had equal capacity in discriminating the patients with previous myocardial infarction from the control group. The multiple strategies of comparison employed in this study document the close relation of measures of the timing of the left ventricular contraction cycle by systolic time intervals and estimates of the extent of left ventricular contraction by ejection fraction in patients with coronary artery disease. It is concluded that these measures afford independent and complementary methods of defining the presence of abnormal left ventricular performance in the resting supine patient with coronary artery disease.

AB - Sixty-six consecutive patients with a history of previous myocardial infarction and 48 patients with angina pectoris without evidence of previous myocardial infarction, all of whom had diagnostic coronary arteriography and left ventriculography, were studied in a prospective analysis of the accuracy of noninvasively determined systolic time intervals as a measure of global left ventricular performance. Forty-one patients who were evaluated for atypical chest pain and found to have normal coronary arteries and left ventricular performance served as control subjects. Six methods of statistical analysis were employed in assessing the accuracy of systolic time intervals in relation to the left ventricular ejection fraction: (1) analysis of variance, (2) cumulative distribution analysis, (3) correlation, (4) sensitivity and specificity, (5) percent agreement, and (6) logistic regression analysis. These tests permitted comparison between the systolic time intervals and the angiographic left ventricular ejection fraction. Analysis of variance revealed identical discriminating power for the ratio of the preejection period to left ventricular ejection time (PEP/ LVET) and left ventricular ejection fraction in separating the normal group and patients without previous myocardial infarction from the patients with previous myocardial infarction. The preejection period and left ventricular ejection time corrected for heart rate were less discriminating than left ventricular ejection fraction or PEP/LVET. The cumulative distribution plots for the left ventricular ejection fraction and PEP/LVET in the three groups of patients were remarkably similar. The correlation of PEP/LVET and left ventricular ejection fraction for all three groups of patients was 0.84. The sensitivity and specificity of the PEP/LVET in relation to the left ventricular ejection fraction were 88 and 96 percent, respectively. The overall agreement between the two measures in detecting the prevalence of abnormality in global left ventricular performance in subgroups of patients was 92 percent. By logistic regression analysis the two measures had equal capacity in discriminating the patients with previous myocardial infarction from the control group. The multiple strategies of comparison employed in this study document the close relation of measures of the timing of the left ventricular contraction cycle by systolic time intervals and estimates of the extent of left ventricular contraction by ejection fraction in patients with coronary artery disease. It is concluded that these measures afford independent and complementary methods of defining the presence of abnormal left ventricular performance in the resting supine patient with coronary artery disease.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0019458150&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0019458150&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0002-9149(81)90544-0

DO - 10.1016/0002-9149(81)90544-0

M3 - Article

C2 - 7468494

AN - SCOPUS:0019458150

VL - 47

SP - 603

EP - 609

JO - American Journal of Cardiology

JF - American Journal of Cardiology

SN - 0002-9149

IS - 3

ER -