Acculturation predicts 7-day smoking cessation among treatment-seeking african-americans in a group intervention

Monica W Hooper, Elizabeth A. Baker, Denise Rodríguez De Ybarra, Marcia McNutt, Jasit S. Ahluwalia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background African-Americans suffer disproportionately from tobacco-associated morbidity and mortality. Considering the relationship between cultural variables and cessation may be important for reducing disparities. Purpose This study aimed to examine acculturation as a predictor of smoking cessation following a standard group intervention. Methods Treatment-seeking smokers (N=140) participated in a group intervention for cessation plus transdermal nicotine patch therapy and completed the African American Acculturation Scale-Revised at baseline. The primary outcome was self-reported 7-day point prevalence abstinence at the end-of-counseling and 3 and 6 months postintervention. Results Adjusted logistic regression analyses found that acculturation predicted end-of-counseling and 3-month 7- day point prevalence abstinence; traditional African- Americans (i.e., less acculturated) were less likely to quit smoking. Cultural superstitions, religious beliefs and practices, and interracial attitudes were predictive of smoking cessation. Conclusions Acculturation was associated with cessation following a group-based intervention. Culturally specific adaptations to established interventions might improve outcomes for traditional smokers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-83
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

Fingerprint

Acculturation
Withholding Treatment
Smoking Cessation
African Americans
Counseling
Superstitions
Tobacco Use Cessation Products
Religion
Tobacco
Logistic Models
Smoking
Regression Analysis
Morbidity
Mortality
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • African-Americans
  • Group intervention
  • Health disparities
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Acculturation predicts 7-day smoking cessation among treatment-seeking african-americans in a group intervention. / Hooper, Monica W; Baker, Elizabeth A.; De Ybarra, Denise Rodríguez; McNutt, Marcia; Ahluwalia, Jasit S.

In: Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 43, No. 1, 01.02.2012, p. 74-83.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hooper, Monica W ; Baker, Elizabeth A. ; De Ybarra, Denise Rodríguez ; McNutt, Marcia ; Ahluwalia, Jasit S. / Acculturation predicts 7-day smoking cessation among treatment-seeking african-americans in a group intervention. In: Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 2012 ; Vol. 43, No. 1. pp. 74-83.
@article{c9c58c6fb5554d0fb3cae671a1ca7e8a,
title = "Acculturation predicts 7-day smoking cessation among treatment-seeking african-americans in a group intervention",
abstract = "Background African-Americans suffer disproportionately from tobacco-associated morbidity and mortality. Considering the relationship between cultural variables and cessation may be important for reducing disparities. Purpose This study aimed to examine acculturation as a predictor of smoking cessation following a standard group intervention. Methods Treatment-seeking smokers (N=140) participated in a group intervention for cessation plus transdermal nicotine patch therapy and completed the African American Acculturation Scale-Revised at baseline. The primary outcome was self-reported 7-day point prevalence abstinence at the end-of-counseling and 3 and 6 months postintervention. Results Adjusted logistic regression analyses found that acculturation predicted end-of-counseling and 3-month 7- day point prevalence abstinence; traditional African- Americans (i.e., less acculturated) were less likely to quit smoking. Cultural superstitions, religious beliefs and practices, and interracial attitudes were predictive of smoking cessation. Conclusions Acculturation was associated with cessation following a group-based intervention. Culturally specific adaptations to established interventions might improve outcomes for traditional smokers.",
keywords = "Acculturation, African-Americans, Group intervention, Health disparities, Smoking cessation",
author = "Hooper, {Monica W} and Baker, {Elizabeth A.} and {De Ybarra}, {Denise Rodr{\'i}guez} and Marcia McNutt and Ahluwalia, {Jasit S.}",
year = "2012",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s12160-011-9304-y",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "74--83",
journal = "Annals of Behavioral Medicine",
issn = "0883-6612",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Acculturation predicts 7-day smoking cessation among treatment-seeking african-americans in a group intervention

AU - Hooper, Monica W

AU - Baker, Elizabeth A.

AU - De Ybarra, Denise Rodríguez

AU - McNutt, Marcia

AU - Ahluwalia, Jasit S.

PY - 2012/2/1

Y1 - 2012/2/1

N2 - Background African-Americans suffer disproportionately from tobacco-associated morbidity and mortality. Considering the relationship between cultural variables and cessation may be important for reducing disparities. Purpose This study aimed to examine acculturation as a predictor of smoking cessation following a standard group intervention. Methods Treatment-seeking smokers (N=140) participated in a group intervention for cessation plus transdermal nicotine patch therapy and completed the African American Acculturation Scale-Revised at baseline. The primary outcome was self-reported 7-day point prevalence abstinence at the end-of-counseling and 3 and 6 months postintervention. Results Adjusted logistic regression analyses found that acculturation predicted end-of-counseling and 3-month 7- day point prevalence abstinence; traditional African- Americans (i.e., less acculturated) were less likely to quit smoking. Cultural superstitions, religious beliefs and practices, and interracial attitudes were predictive of smoking cessation. Conclusions Acculturation was associated with cessation following a group-based intervention. Culturally specific adaptations to established interventions might improve outcomes for traditional smokers.

AB - Background African-Americans suffer disproportionately from tobacco-associated morbidity and mortality. Considering the relationship between cultural variables and cessation may be important for reducing disparities. Purpose This study aimed to examine acculturation as a predictor of smoking cessation following a standard group intervention. Methods Treatment-seeking smokers (N=140) participated in a group intervention for cessation plus transdermal nicotine patch therapy and completed the African American Acculturation Scale-Revised at baseline. The primary outcome was self-reported 7-day point prevalence abstinence at the end-of-counseling and 3 and 6 months postintervention. Results Adjusted logistic regression analyses found that acculturation predicted end-of-counseling and 3-month 7- day point prevalence abstinence; traditional African- Americans (i.e., less acculturated) were less likely to quit smoking. Cultural superstitions, religious beliefs and practices, and interracial attitudes were predictive of smoking cessation. Conclusions Acculturation was associated with cessation following a group-based intervention. Culturally specific adaptations to established interventions might improve outcomes for traditional smokers.

KW - Acculturation

KW - African-Americans

KW - Group intervention

KW - Health disparities

KW - Smoking cessation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84863214018&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84863214018&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s12160-011-9304-y

DO - 10.1007/s12160-011-9304-y

M3 - Article

VL - 43

SP - 74

EP - 83

JO - Annals of Behavioral Medicine

JF - Annals of Behavioral Medicine

SN - 0883-6612

IS - 1

ER -