Acculturation predicts 7-day smoking cessation among treatment-seeking african-americans in a group intervention

Monica Webb Hooper, Elizabeth A. Baker, Denise Rodríguez De Ybarra, Marcia McNutt, Jasit S. Ahluwalia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background African-Americans suffer disproportionately from tobacco-associated morbidity and mortality. Considering the relationship between cultural variables and cessation may be important for reducing disparities. Purpose This study aimed to examine acculturation as a predictor of smoking cessation following a standard group intervention. Methods Treatment-seeking smokers (N=140) participated in a group intervention for cessation plus transdermal nicotine patch therapy and completed the African American Acculturation Scale-Revised at baseline. The primary outcome was self-reported 7-day point prevalence abstinence at the end-of-counseling and 3 and 6 months postintervention. Results Adjusted logistic regression analyses found that acculturation predicted end-of-counseling and 3-month 7- day point prevalence abstinence; traditional African- Americans (i.e., less acculturated) were less likely to quit smoking. Cultural superstitions, religious beliefs and practices, and interracial attitudes were predictive of smoking cessation. Conclusions Acculturation was associated with cessation following a group-based intervention. Culturally specific adaptations to established interventions might improve outcomes for traditional smokers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-83
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

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Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • African-Americans
  • Group intervention
  • Health disparities
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Medicine(all)

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