Absent auditory brain stem response: Peripheral hearing loss or brain stem dysfunction

N. Kraus, Ozcan Ozdamar, L. Stein, N. Reed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

163 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interpretation of auditory brain stem response (ABR) findings can be problematic in cases where waves III and V are absent. Such findings can be attributed to profound hearing loss, brain stem neuropathology, or both. Over a 3-year period, 48 patients with no known brain stem damage and on whom audiologic data were available were found to have no response by ABR or absent waves III and V. Severe to profound hearing loss was documented in 38 cases, audiometric data were equivocal in 3 cases, and in 7 patients showed pure tone sensitivity ranging from normal hearing to moderate impairment. Thus 15% had better hearing sensitivity than might have been expected from their ABR findings. Each of these patients also exhibited abnormal acoustic reflex findings. We report the electrophysiological (ABR, MLR, acoustic reflex), medical (history, neurological, EEG, CT scan) and behavioral (audiometric, speech and language, learning disabilities, psychological) data which characterize this group of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-406
Number of pages7
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume94
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984
Externally publishedYes

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Brain Stem Auditory Evoked Potentials
Hearing Loss
Brain Stem
Hearing
Acoustic Reflex
Abnormal Reflexes
Learning Disorders
Electroencephalography
Language
History
Psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Absent auditory brain stem response : Peripheral hearing loss or brain stem dysfunction. / Kraus, N.; Ozdamar, Ozcan; Stein, L.; Reed, N.

In: Laryngoscope, Vol. 94, No. 3, 01.01.1984, p. 400-406.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kraus, N. ; Ozdamar, Ozcan ; Stein, L. ; Reed, N. / Absent auditory brain stem response : Peripheral hearing loss or brain stem dysfunction. In: Laryngoscope. 1984 ; Vol. 94, No. 3. pp. 400-406.
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