Various peripheral human tissues express receptors for growth hormone secretagogue (GHS), the highest density being in the myocardium. It was also reported that some octapeptide analogs of somatostatin (SRIH) can displace radiolabeled Tyr-Ala-hexarelin from GHS receptors on the human pituitary and heart. Thus, it is possible that radionuclide analogs of SRIH such as OctreoScan® and recently developed cytotoxic SRIH analogs containing doxorubicin (DOX) intended for targeted tumor therapy, could bind to these GHS receptors, compromising the safety of compounds of this type. Therefore, we determined the binding of OctreoScan® and two cytotoxic SRIH analogs consisting of octapeptide carrier RC-121 and DOX (AN-162) or 2-pyrrolino-DOX (AN-238) to human myocardium specimens. None of these compounds displayed specific binding to the human heart indicating that the clinical use of SRIH analogs linked to anthracyclines or radionuclides should not be associated with increased cardiac side effects.
- Growth hormone secretagogue receptors
- Human myocardium
- Targeted somatostatin analogs
ASJC Scopus subject areas