Abdominal visceral venography

M. Viamonte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Sixty per cent of the blood resides in veins. Despite the importance of the venous system, the easy accessibility to the arterial system has resulted in numerous publications about arteriographic findings with almost complete disregard of the descriptive appearance of the small and medium sized visceral veins. The fragile wall of visceral venules accounts for their early involvement in visceral tumors and in infiltrative processes. In some instances the visceral veins are involved primarily, or exclusively (i.e., phlebitis or hepatic veins or primary portal vein thrombosis). In other situations, such as in neoplasias, they are involved secondarily. Chest roentgenograms may reveal abnormalities secondary to abdominal visceral venous obstruction. An enlarged azygos vein, radiographic signs of pulmonary thromboembolism, and an enlarged terminal segment of the inferior vena cava may be observed secondary to processes which obstruct the hepatic veins or the inferior vena cava. Renal vein thrombosis may also cause pulmonary thromboembolic complications. Radiographic examination of the alimentary tract may reveal signs of abdominal visceral venous obstruction. Suggestive of obstruction of abdominal visceral veins are gastroesophageal varices, varices of the duodenum or small bowel, thickening of valvuli conniventi, ascites, changes in liver size, splenomegaly, internal hemorrhoids, 'thumbprinting', anterior displacement of the second part of the duodenum, and pseudocholesterolosis. Scintigraphic, and computed tomographic studies of the liver and spleen are noninvasive complementary techniques to conventional radiographic examinations, and may reveal abnormalities suggesting cirrhosis, tumor, or retroperitoneal masses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-264
Number of pages24
JournalRadiologic Clinics of North America
Volume14
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 1976
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Phlebography
Veins
Hepatic Veins
Varicose Veins
Inferior Vena Cava
Duodenum
Thrombosis
Azygos Vein
Phlebitis
Hemorrhoids
Neoplasms
Renal Veins
Venules
Liver
Splenomegaly
Portal Vein
Pulmonary Embolism
Ascites
Publications
Fibrosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Cite this

Abdominal visceral venography. / Viamonte, M.

In: Radiologic Clinics of North America, Vol. 14, No. 2, 01.12.1976, p. 241-264.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Viamonte, M 1976, 'Abdominal visceral venography', Radiologic Clinics of North America, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 241-264.
Viamonte, M. / Abdominal visceral venography. In: Radiologic Clinics of North America. 1976 ; Vol. 14, No. 2. pp. 241-264.
@article{b60f96c05e2d405090ce062714f2ebdc,
title = "Abdominal visceral venography",
abstract = "Sixty per cent of the blood resides in veins. Despite the importance of the venous system, the easy accessibility to the arterial system has resulted in numerous publications about arteriographic findings with almost complete disregard of the descriptive appearance of the small and medium sized visceral veins. The fragile wall of visceral venules accounts for their early involvement in visceral tumors and in infiltrative processes. In some instances the visceral veins are involved primarily, or exclusively (i.e., phlebitis or hepatic veins or primary portal vein thrombosis). In other situations, such as in neoplasias, they are involved secondarily. Chest roentgenograms may reveal abnormalities secondary to abdominal visceral venous obstruction. An enlarged azygos vein, radiographic signs of pulmonary thromboembolism, and an enlarged terminal segment of the inferior vena cava may be observed secondary to processes which obstruct the hepatic veins or the inferior vena cava. Renal vein thrombosis may also cause pulmonary thromboembolic complications. Radiographic examination of the alimentary tract may reveal signs of abdominal visceral venous obstruction. Suggestive of obstruction of abdominal visceral veins are gastroesophageal varices, varices of the duodenum or small bowel, thickening of valvuli conniventi, ascites, changes in liver size, splenomegaly, internal hemorrhoids, 'thumbprinting', anterior displacement of the second part of the duodenum, and pseudocholesterolosis. Scintigraphic, and computed tomographic studies of the liver and spleen are noninvasive complementary techniques to conventional radiographic examinations, and may reveal abnormalities suggesting cirrhosis, tumor, or retroperitoneal masses.",
author = "M. Viamonte",
year = "1976",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "241--264",
journal = "Radiologic Clinics of North America",
issn = "0033-8389",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Abdominal visceral venography

AU - Viamonte, M.

PY - 1976/12/1

Y1 - 1976/12/1

N2 - Sixty per cent of the blood resides in veins. Despite the importance of the venous system, the easy accessibility to the arterial system has resulted in numerous publications about arteriographic findings with almost complete disregard of the descriptive appearance of the small and medium sized visceral veins. The fragile wall of visceral venules accounts for their early involvement in visceral tumors and in infiltrative processes. In some instances the visceral veins are involved primarily, or exclusively (i.e., phlebitis or hepatic veins or primary portal vein thrombosis). In other situations, such as in neoplasias, they are involved secondarily. Chest roentgenograms may reveal abnormalities secondary to abdominal visceral venous obstruction. An enlarged azygos vein, radiographic signs of pulmonary thromboembolism, and an enlarged terminal segment of the inferior vena cava may be observed secondary to processes which obstruct the hepatic veins or the inferior vena cava. Renal vein thrombosis may also cause pulmonary thromboembolic complications. Radiographic examination of the alimentary tract may reveal signs of abdominal visceral venous obstruction. Suggestive of obstruction of abdominal visceral veins are gastroesophageal varices, varices of the duodenum or small bowel, thickening of valvuli conniventi, ascites, changes in liver size, splenomegaly, internal hemorrhoids, 'thumbprinting', anterior displacement of the second part of the duodenum, and pseudocholesterolosis. Scintigraphic, and computed tomographic studies of the liver and spleen are noninvasive complementary techniques to conventional radiographic examinations, and may reveal abnormalities suggesting cirrhosis, tumor, or retroperitoneal masses.

AB - Sixty per cent of the blood resides in veins. Despite the importance of the venous system, the easy accessibility to the arterial system has resulted in numerous publications about arteriographic findings with almost complete disregard of the descriptive appearance of the small and medium sized visceral veins. The fragile wall of visceral venules accounts for their early involvement in visceral tumors and in infiltrative processes. In some instances the visceral veins are involved primarily, or exclusively (i.e., phlebitis or hepatic veins or primary portal vein thrombosis). In other situations, such as in neoplasias, they are involved secondarily. Chest roentgenograms may reveal abnormalities secondary to abdominal visceral venous obstruction. An enlarged azygos vein, radiographic signs of pulmonary thromboembolism, and an enlarged terminal segment of the inferior vena cava may be observed secondary to processes which obstruct the hepatic veins or the inferior vena cava. Renal vein thrombosis may also cause pulmonary thromboembolic complications. Radiographic examination of the alimentary tract may reveal signs of abdominal visceral venous obstruction. Suggestive of obstruction of abdominal visceral veins are gastroesophageal varices, varices of the duodenum or small bowel, thickening of valvuli conniventi, ascites, changes in liver size, splenomegaly, internal hemorrhoids, 'thumbprinting', anterior displacement of the second part of the duodenum, and pseudocholesterolosis. Scintigraphic, and computed tomographic studies of the liver and spleen are noninvasive complementary techniques to conventional radiographic examinations, and may reveal abnormalities suggesting cirrhosis, tumor, or retroperitoneal masses.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0017090647&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0017090647&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 184487

AN - SCOPUS:0017090647

VL - 14

SP - 241

EP - 264

JO - Radiologic Clinics of North America

JF - Radiologic Clinics of North America

SN - 0033-8389

IS - 2

ER -