A weak lensing study of x-ray groups in the cosmos survey: Form and evolution of the mass-luminosity relation

Alexie Leauthaud, Alexis Finoguenov, Jean Paul Kneib, James E. Taylor, Richard Massey, Jason Rhodes, Olivier Ilbert, Kevin Bundy, Jeremy Tinker, Matthew R. George, Peter Capak, Anton M. Koekemoer, David E. Johnston, Yu Ying Zhang, Nico Cappelluti, Richard S. Ellis, Martin Elvis, Stefania Giodini, Catherine Heymans, Oliver Le FèvreSimon Lilly, Henry J. McCracken, Yannick Mellier, Alexandre Réfrégier, Mara Salvato, Nick Scoville, George Smoot, Masayuki Tanaka, Ludovic Van Waerbeke, Melody Wolk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

184 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Measurements of X-ray scaling laws are critical for improving cosmological constraints derived with the halo mass function and for understanding the physical processes that govern the heating and cooling of the intracluster medium. In this paper, we use a sample of 206 X-ray-selected galaxy groups to investigate the scaling relation between X-ray luminosity (L X) and halo mass (M 200) where M 200 is derived via stacked weak gravitational lensing. This work draws upon a broad array of multi-wavelength COSMOS observations including 1.64 degrees2 of contiguous imaging with the Advanced Camera for Surveys to a limiting magnitude of I F814W = 26.5 and deep XMM-Newton/Chandra imaging to a limiting flux of 1.0 × 10-15 erg cm-2 s-1 in the 0.5-2 keV band. The combined depth of these two data sets allows us to probe the lensing signals of X-ray-detected structures at both higher redshifts and lower masses than previously explored. Weak lensing profiles and halo masses are derived for nine sub-samples, narrowly binned in luminosity and redshift. The COSMOS data alone are well fit by a power law, M 200 (L X)α, with a slope of α = 0.66 ± 0.14. These results significantly extend the dynamic range for which the halo masses of X-ray-selected structures have been measured with weak gravitational lensing. As a result, tight constraints are obtained for the slope of the M-L X relation. The combination of our group data with previously published cluster data demonstrates that the M-L X relation is well described by a single power law, α = 0.64 ± 0.03, over two decades in mass, M 200 ∼ 1013.5-1015.5 h -1 72 M . These results are inconsistent at the 3.7σ level with the self-similar prediction of α = 0.75. We examine the redshift dependence of the M-L X relation and find little evidence for evolution beyond the rate predicted by self-similarity from z ∼0.25 to z ∼0.8.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-114
Number of pages18
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume709
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

cosmos
luminosity
halos
x rays
power law
slopes
galactic clusters
erg
XMM-Newton telescope
scaling laws
newton
dynamic range
probe
heating
cooling
wavelength
cameras
scaling
prediction
probes

Keywords

  • Cosmology: observations
  • Gravitational lensing
  • Large-scale structure of universe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Leauthaud, A., Finoguenov, A., Kneib, J. P., Taylor, J. E., Massey, R., Rhodes, J., ... Wolk, M. (2010). A weak lensing study of x-ray groups in the cosmos survey: Form and evolution of the mass-luminosity relation. Astrophysical Journal, 709(1), 97-114. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/709/1/97

A weak lensing study of x-ray groups in the cosmos survey : Form and evolution of the mass-luminosity relation. / Leauthaud, Alexie; Finoguenov, Alexis; Kneib, Jean Paul; Taylor, James E.; Massey, Richard; Rhodes, Jason; Ilbert, Olivier; Bundy, Kevin; Tinker, Jeremy; George, Matthew R.; Capak, Peter; Koekemoer, Anton M.; Johnston, David E.; Zhang, Yu Ying; Cappelluti, Nico; Ellis, Richard S.; Elvis, Martin; Giodini, Stefania; Heymans, Catherine; Le Fèvre, Oliver; Lilly, Simon; McCracken, Henry J.; Mellier, Yannick; Réfrégier, Alexandre; Salvato, Mara; Scoville, Nick; Smoot, George; Tanaka, Masayuki; Van Waerbeke, Ludovic; Wolk, Melody.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 709, No. 1, 01.01.2010, p. 97-114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Leauthaud, A, Finoguenov, A, Kneib, JP, Taylor, JE, Massey, R, Rhodes, J, Ilbert, O, Bundy, K, Tinker, J, George, MR, Capak, P, Koekemoer, AM, Johnston, DE, Zhang, YY, Cappelluti, N, Ellis, RS, Elvis, M, Giodini, S, Heymans, C, Le Fèvre, O, Lilly, S, McCracken, HJ, Mellier, Y, Réfrégier, A, Salvato, M, Scoville, N, Smoot, G, Tanaka, M, Van Waerbeke, L & Wolk, M 2010, 'A weak lensing study of x-ray groups in the cosmos survey: Form and evolution of the mass-luminosity relation', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 709, no. 1, pp. 97-114. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/709/1/97
Leauthaud, Alexie ; Finoguenov, Alexis ; Kneib, Jean Paul ; Taylor, James E. ; Massey, Richard ; Rhodes, Jason ; Ilbert, Olivier ; Bundy, Kevin ; Tinker, Jeremy ; George, Matthew R. ; Capak, Peter ; Koekemoer, Anton M. ; Johnston, David E. ; Zhang, Yu Ying ; Cappelluti, Nico ; Ellis, Richard S. ; Elvis, Martin ; Giodini, Stefania ; Heymans, Catherine ; Le Fèvre, Oliver ; Lilly, Simon ; McCracken, Henry J. ; Mellier, Yannick ; Réfrégier, Alexandre ; Salvato, Mara ; Scoville, Nick ; Smoot, George ; Tanaka, Masayuki ; Van Waerbeke, Ludovic ; Wolk, Melody. / A weak lensing study of x-ray groups in the cosmos survey : Form and evolution of the mass-luminosity relation. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2010 ; Vol. 709, No. 1. pp. 97-114.
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AU - Mellier, Yannick

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AU - Scoville, Nick

AU - Smoot, George

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AU - Van Waerbeke, Ludovic

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AB - Measurements of X-ray scaling laws are critical for improving cosmological constraints derived with the halo mass function and for understanding the physical processes that govern the heating and cooling of the intracluster medium. In this paper, we use a sample of 206 X-ray-selected galaxy groups to investigate the scaling relation between X-ray luminosity (L X) and halo mass (M 200) where M 200 is derived via stacked weak gravitational lensing. This work draws upon a broad array of multi-wavelength COSMOS observations including 1.64 degrees2 of contiguous imaging with the Advanced Camera for Surveys to a limiting magnitude of I F814W = 26.5 and deep XMM-Newton/Chandra imaging to a limiting flux of 1.0 × 10-15 erg cm-2 s-1 in the 0.5-2 keV band. The combined depth of these two data sets allows us to probe the lensing signals of X-ray-detected structures at both higher redshifts and lower masses than previously explored. Weak lensing profiles and halo masses are derived for nine sub-samples, narrowly binned in luminosity and redshift. The COSMOS data alone are well fit by a power law, M 200 (L X)α, with a slope of α = 0.66 ± 0.14. These results significantly extend the dynamic range for which the halo masses of X-ray-selected structures have been measured with weak gravitational lensing. As a result, tight constraints are obtained for the slope of the M-L X relation. The combination of our group data with previously published cluster data demonstrates that the M-L X relation is well described by a single power law, α = 0.64 ± 0.03, over two decades in mass, M 200 ∼ 1013.5-1015.5 h -1 72 M ⊙. These results are inconsistent at the 3.7σ level with the self-similar prediction of α = 0.75. We examine the redshift dependence of the M-L X relation and find little evidence for evolution beyond the rate predicted by self-similarity from z ∼0.25 to z ∼0.8.

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