A time of accelerated change in academic cardiovascular medicine: Implications for academic divisions of cardiology and their training programs

Robert M. Califf, Thomas Ryan, Pamela Douglas, Pascal J. Goldschmidt-Clermont

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Scopus citations


With the vast epidemic of vascular disease predicted to be the leading cause of death and disability by a growing margin over the next 30 years, academic medical centers with cardiology training programs have a special responsibility. Given the dramatic advances of biotechnology in producing highly effective but expensive strategies of prevention and treatment, cardiovascular specialists should assist their academic centers in envisioning the future to prepare trainees for a different environment. Cardiologists of the future must be able to adapt to a societal need for patient-oriented, team-based clinical care and rapidly evolving technology, while maintaining the fundamental skills and knowledge required for individual patient interaction. Academic programs should benchmark their activities to ensure responsible resource allocation so that cardiologists of the future will be trained in an environment stimulating excellence and creativity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1957-1965
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Nov 16 2004


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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