A Theory of Cultural Humility

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Introduction: Leaders are realizing the importance of recognizing diversity and applying cultural humility for successful outcomes. When a difference in perspective is misunderstood or not adequately considered, the resulting conflict interferes with the accomplishment of goals and relationships. With the intent to advance mutual understanding and improve human interactions, a theory to guide nurses and other professions on how to appreciate diversity and apply cultural humility is presented. Method: Guided by Walker and Avant’s strategies, the theory was developed from a synthesis of key concepts and constructs from research and scholarly works. Results: The theory of cultural humility is presented. Discussion: To foster a better understanding of the multiple considerations involved in being culturally humble, this theory provides clarity of the related concepts, influences, and outcomes. This theory may help learners recognize the multiple factors that lead to discordant perspectives and exude flexibility to foster positive outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-12
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Transcultural Nursing
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020


  • conflict
  • cultural competence
  • cultural humility
  • cultural sensitivity
  • diversity
  • theory
  • transcultural health
  • work force diversity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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