A Systematic Review of Reported Ejaculatory Dysfunction in Clinical Trials Evaluating Minimally Invasive Treatment Modalities for BPH

Soum D. Lokeshwar, David Valancy, Thiago Fernandes Negris Lima, Ruben Blachman-Braun, Ranjith Ramasamy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of Review: To explore the sexual outcomes following the novel minimally invasive surgical procedures for benign prostatic hyperplasia- (BPH-) related lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), with an emphasis on ejaculatory dysfunction (EjD). Recent Findings: A database search with a 10-year time restriction was carried out until February 20, 2020 using MEDLINE through the PubMed Platform evaluating minimally invasive treatment modalities for BPH and their effect on EjD. After the article selection, we retrieved data for men randomized in 19 different studies with results in 40 separate published articles investigating minimally invasive BPH surgery and reporting EjD rates. To date, water vapor thermal therapy or Rezūm, prostatic urethral lift (PUL) or UroLift®, prostate artery embolization (PAE), and Aquablation showed acceptable rates (< 2%) of retrograde ejaculation by 1 year and had very low adverse events related to the procedure. Both PUL and Rezūm demonstrated lower rates when compared with PAE and Aquablation. Summary: With comparable sexual side effect profiles postoperatively, clinicians may determine which therapeutic modality is optimal for patients based on efficacy and cost-benefit. Further randomized clinical trials are required to directly compare the effect of novel minimally invasive surgical procedures for BPH-related LUTS on ejaculation and sexual function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number54
JournalCurrent urology reports
Volume21
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

Keywords

  • Aquablation
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • Ejaculatory dysfunction
  • Prostate artery embolization
  • Prostatic urethral lift
  • Water vapor thermal therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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