A system for the enhancement of adenovirus mediated gene transfer to uro-epithelium

Lee Fong Lin, Guoming Zhu, James J. Yoo, Shay Soker, Vikas P. Sukhatme, Anthony Atala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Purpose: Recombinant adenovirus has been used widely as an in vivo gene transfer vector, although its transfection efficiency in bladder tissue is limited. Several studies have indicated that the bladder surface glycosaminoglycan (GAG) layer functions as a nonspecific antiadherence factor and possibly as a first line anti-infection defense mechanism. We determined whether recombinant adenovirus mediated gene transfer could be enhanced in intact bladders by HCl pretreatment and by alterations in the GAG layer. Materials and Methods: In vitro viral transfection efficiencies with and without the GAG analog pentosan polysulfate (Sigma Chemical Co., St. Louis, Missouri) were determined in bladder muscle and urothelial cells. Immunocytochemical studies and Western blot analysis were performed to determine whether urothelial cells possessed the Coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor. Rat bladders were intravesically pretreated with HCl at various concentrations and for various periods. After 60 mM. HCl pretreatment for 10 minutes 2 x 109 pfu of recombinant adenovirus carrying the Escherichia coli LacZ gene were intravesically instilled into the bladders. Results: Adenoviral infection of urothelial cells was significantly reduced in the presence of pentosan polysulfate in vitro. Coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor expression was detected in urothelial cells in vivo and in vitro. Bladders pretreated with HCl resulted in an alteration of the bladder GAG layers. After intravesical gene instillation reporter gene analyses using X-5-bromo-4-chloro-3-inodolyl β-D-galactopyranoside (Sigma Chemical Co.) showed approximately 80% urothelial cell transfection efficiency in bladders pretreated with HCl. However, less than 10% of the urothelial cells expressed the transfected gene in control HCl untreated bladders. Conclusions: Primary urothelial cells and bladder carcinoma cells can be efficiently transfected using an adenoviral vector with similar infectivity. In vitro viral infection shows that the efficiency of adenoviral transfection is significantly reduced in the presence of pentosan polysulfate, a GAG analog. Adenoviral mediated gene transfer to bladder urothelium is enhanced by HCl pretreatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)813-818
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002


  • Bladder
  • Gene transfer techniques
  • Glycosaminoglycans
  • Rats, Wistar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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