A Study on Solar and Green House Gas Mitigation Potential in India by using AHP Method and Geospatial Technology

Rahul Rajaram Hirwe, Somnath Bera, Shouraseni Sen Roy, Balamurugan Guru

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


India, on June 2016, announced its intent of increasing Renewable Energy portfolio to 175 GW by 2022 taking cognizance of the increasing impacts of global warming across the world. Further, in COP 21, the country committed to have 40% portfolio from renewable energy by 2030. With the dwindling conventional resources, it has become imperative to understand the overall potential that the various renewable energy sources. This paper is an attempt to understand the possible installable solar capacity in India. The study reveals the suitable zones of PV solar installation across the country using Analytical Hierarchy Process and Geo-Spatial technology. Basis the same, the study further analyses possible solar power generation and corresponding greenhouse gas mitigated. It is found around 50.4% area show higher suitability for solar installations in India. If 1% of this suitable zone (high and very high) is utilised for installation of solar PV, then the potential installable capacity is 798.5 GW which can produce 3,194,171 MWh electrical energy and has potential to mitigate 2,619,220 tonne Carbon dioxide per day. The solar energy can also be harnessed to provide electricity access to all rural areas who have been deprived of quality power for so many years. The demand in the country shall undoubtedly grow in the coming years as a result of all the rural consumers connected to the grid under the Saubhagya Scheme. The study will be useful for harnessing the maximum potential in the areas where the grid supply is insufficient to meet the needs of the people.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-307
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Renewable Energy Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Analytical Hierarchy Process
  • Electricity
  • Geo-spatial Technology
  • Greenhouse Gas Emission
  • Solar Energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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