This study was designed to determine the effect of sterile and nonsterile intermittent catheterization on the incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in patients after spinal cord injury. The study included 29 patients with neurogenic bladder dysfunction treated with intermittent catheterization. One group of 14 patients was on sterile catheterization; another group of 15 patients was on nonsterile catheterization. On a weekly basis, urine samples were obtained and analyzed. A total of 122 urine samples were analyzed. The patients on sterile catheterization had a 28.6% UTI incidence; the group using a nonsterile catheterization technique had a UTI incidence of 42.4%. The most common urinary pathogen in both groups was E. coli (65%). The cost of antibiotics for patients on the sterile catheterization program was only 43% of the cost of antibiotics for those on the nonsterile program. However, the sterile kits cost 371% of the cost of the catheterization kits for the patients in the nonsterile program, so the total cost of managing neurogenic bladder on the sterile program was 277% of the cost of the nonsterile program.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Rehabilitation nursing : the official journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation