A statistical note on the redundancy of nine standard baroreflex parameters

D. A. Ludwig, V. A. Convertino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


An accepted method for measuring the responsiveness of the carotid-cardiac baroreflex to arterial pressure changes is to artificially stimulate the baroreceptors in the neck with a pressurized neck chamber. Nine physiological responses to this type of stimulation are quantified and used as indicators of the baroreflex response function. Thirty male humans between the ages of 27 and 46 underwent the carotid-cardiac baroreflex test. The data for the nine response parameters were analyzed by principle component factor analysis. The results indicated that 92.5% of the total variance across all nine parameters could be explained in four dimensions. The first two dimensions reflected location points for R-R interval and carotid distending pressure, respectively. The third factor was composed of measures reflecting the gain (responsiveness) of the reflex. The fourth dimension was the ratio of baseline R-R interval to the maximal R-R interval response during simulated hypertension. The data suggest that the analysis of all nine baroreflex parameters is likely to be redundant and researchers should account for these redundancies either in their analyses or conclusions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172-175
Number of pages4
JournalAviation Space and Environmental Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 7 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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