A standard protocol for describing individual-based and agent-based models

Volker Grimm, Uta Berger, Finn Bastiansen, Sigrunn Eliassen, Vincent Ginot, Jarl Giske, John Goss-Custard, Tamara Grand, Simone K. Heinz, Geir Huse, Andreas Huth, Jane U. Jepsen, Christian Jørgensen, Wolf M. Mooij, Birgit Müller, Guy Pe'er, Cyril Piou, Steven F. Railsback, Andrew M. Robbins, Martha M. RobbinsEva Rossmanith, Nadja Rüger, Espen Strand, Sami Souissi, Richard A. Stillman, Rune Vabø, Ute Visser, Donald L. DeAngelis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1428 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Simulation models that describe autonomous individual organisms (individual based models, IBM) or agents (agent-based models, ABM) have become a widely used tool, not only in ecology, but also in many other disciplines dealing with complex systems made up of autonomous entities. However, there is no standard protocol for describing such simulation models, which can make them difficult to understand and to duplicate. This paper presents a proposed standard protocol, ODD, for describing IBMs and ABMs, developed and tested by 28 modellers who cover a wide range of fields within ecology. This protocol consists of three blocks (Overview, Design concepts, and Details), which are subdivided into seven elements: Purpose, State variables and scales, Process overview and scheduling, Design concepts, Initialization, Input, and Submodels. We explain which aspects of a model should be described in each element, and we present an example to illustrate the protocol in use. In addition, 19 examples are available in an Online Appendix. We consider ODD as a first step for establishing a more detailed common format of the description of IBMs and ABMs. Once initiated, the protocol will hopefully evolve as it becomes used by a sufficiently large proportion of modellers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-126
Number of pages12
JournalEcological Modelling
Volume198
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2006

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simulation models
ecology
individual-based model
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protocol
organism

Keywords

  • Agent-based model
  • Individual-based model
  • Model description
  • Scientific communication
  • Standardization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecological Modeling
  • Ecology

Cite this

Grimm, V., Berger, U., Bastiansen, F., Eliassen, S., Ginot, V., Giske, J., ... DeAngelis, D. L. (2006). A standard protocol for describing individual-based and agent-based models. Ecological Modelling, 198(1-2), 115-126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2006.04.023

A standard protocol for describing individual-based and agent-based models. / Grimm, Volker; Berger, Uta; Bastiansen, Finn; Eliassen, Sigrunn; Ginot, Vincent; Giske, Jarl; Goss-Custard, John; Grand, Tamara; Heinz, Simone K.; Huse, Geir; Huth, Andreas; Jepsen, Jane U.; Jørgensen, Christian; Mooij, Wolf M.; Müller, Birgit; Pe'er, Guy; Piou, Cyril; Railsback, Steven F.; Robbins, Andrew M.; Robbins, Martha M.; Rossmanith, Eva; Rüger, Nadja; Strand, Espen; Souissi, Sami; Stillman, Richard A.; Vabø, Rune; Visser, Ute; DeAngelis, Donald L.

In: Ecological Modelling, Vol. 198, No. 1-2, 15.09.2006, p. 115-126.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Grimm, V, Berger, U, Bastiansen, F, Eliassen, S, Ginot, V, Giske, J, Goss-Custard, J, Grand, T, Heinz, SK, Huse, G, Huth, A, Jepsen, JU, Jørgensen, C, Mooij, WM, Müller, B, Pe'er, G, Piou, C, Railsback, SF, Robbins, AM, Robbins, MM, Rossmanith, E, Rüger, N, Strand, E, Souissi, S, Stillman, RA, Vabø, R, Visser, U & DeAngelis, DL 2006, 'A standard protocol for describing individual-based and agent-based models', Ecological Modelling, vol. 198, no. 1-2, pp. 115-126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2006.04.023
Grimm V, Berger U, Bastiansen F, Eliassen S, Ginot V, Giske J et al. A standard protocol for describing individual-based and agent-based models. Ecological Modelling. 2006 Sep 15;198(1-2):115-126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2006.04.023
Grimm, Volker ; Berger, Uta ; Bastiansen, Finn ; Eliassen, Sigrunn ; Ginot, Vincent ; Giske, Jarl ; Goss-Custard, John ; Grand, Tamara ; Heinz, Simone K. ; Huse, Geir ; Huth, Andreas ; Jepsen, Jane U. ; Jørgensen, Christian ; Mooij, Wolf M. ; Müller, Birgit ; Pe'er, Guy ; Piou, Cyril ; Railsback, Steven F. ; Robbins, Andrew M. ; Robbins, Martha M. ; Rossmanith, Eva ; Rüger, Nadja ; Strand, Espen ; Souissi, Sami ; Stillman, Richard A. ; Vabø, Rune ; Visser, Ute ; DeAngelis, Donald L. / A standard protocol for describing individual-based and agent-based models. In: Ecological Modelling. 2006 ; Vol. 198, No. 1-2. pp. 115-126.
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