Background: Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is a potentially reversible cause of hypertension and renal insufficiency and is associated with poor prognosis. Methods: We aimed to identify simple predictors of significant RAS among patients undergoing coronary angiography. Prospective data were collected on 843 consecutive patients who underwent cardiac catheterization and abdominal aortography. Stenoses ≥75% were considered significant. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between baseline characteristics and coronary anatomy with significant RAS. A simple risk score was derived from the model. Results: The prevalence of RAS ≥75% was 11.7%. Independent predictors of significant RAS were older age, higher creatinine levels, peripheral vascular disease, number of cardiovascular drugs, hypertension, female sex, and 3-vessel coronary artery disease or previous coronary artery bypass graft. The concordance index of the model was 0.802. These variables were used to develop a simple predictive score of significant RAS for patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. The prevalence of RAS increased stepwise with increasing score values: 0.6% for a score ≤5, 1.5% for 6 to 7, 6.1% for 8 to 9, 12.2% for 10 to 11, 18.7% for 12 to 14, 35.7% for 15 to 17, and 62.1% for ≥18 (P < .001). Approximately one third of the patients had a score ≥11, which yielded a sensitivity of 76% and a specificity of 71%. Conclusions: Renal artery stenosis is a relatively common finding among patients referred for coronary angiography. A simple score can predict the presence of significant RAS among patients referred for cardiac catheterization.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine