A secondary analysis of the Belimumab International Study in Lupus Nephritis trial examined effects of belimumab on kidney outcomes and preservation of kidney function in patients with lupus nephritis

Brad H. Rovin, Richard Furie, Y. K.Onno Teng, Gabriel Contreras, Ana Malvar, Xueqing Yu, Beulah Ji, Yulia Green, Tania Gonzalez-Rivera, Damon Bass, Jennifer Gilbride, Chun Hang Tang, David A. Roth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We performed a post hoc analysis of the Belimumab International Study in Lupus Nephritis (BLISS-LN), a Phase 3, multinational, double-blind, 104-week trial, in which 448 patients with lupus nephritis were randomized to receive intravenous belimumab 10 mg/kg or placebo with standard therapy (cyclophosphamide/azathioprine or mycophenolate mofetil). Add-on belimumab was found to be most effective in improving the primary efficacy kidney response and complete kidney response in patients with proliferative lupus nephritis and a baseline urine protein/creatinine ratio under 3 g/g. However, there was no observed improvement in the kidney response with belimumab treatment in patients with lupus nephritis and sub-epithelial deposits or with a baseline protein/creatinine ratio of 3 g/g or more. Belimumab significantly reduced the risk of kidney-related events or death and lupus nephritis flare in the overall population. Belimumab reduced the risk of a sustained 30% or 40% decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) versus standard treatment alone and attenuated the annual rate of eGFR decline in patients who remained on-study. Thus, our data suggest that the addition of belimumab to standard therapy could attenuate the risk of lupus nephritis flare and eGFR decline in a broad spectrum of patients with lupus nephritis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalKidney international
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • belimumab
  • kidney function
  • lupus nephritis
  • systemic lupus erythematosus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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