Current treatment strategies for Hodgkin lymphoma result in excellent survival but often confer significant long-term toxicity. We designed ABVE-PC (doxorubicin, bleomycin, vincristine, etoposide, prednisone, cyclophosphamide) to (1) enhance treatment efficacy by dose-dense drug delivery and (2) reduce risk of long-term sequelae by response-based reduction of cumulative chemotherapy. Efficient induction of early response by dose-dense drug delivery supported an early-response-adapted therapeutic paradigm. The 216 eligible patients were younger than 22 years with intermediate-or high-risk Hodgkin lymphoma. ABVE-PC was administered every 21 days. Rapid early responders (RERs) to 3 ABVE-PC cycles received 21 Gy radiation to involved regions; RER was documented in 63% of patients. Slow early responders received 2 additional ABVE-PC cycles before 21 Gy radiation. Five-year event free-survival was 84%: 86% for the RER and 83% for the slow early responders (P = .85). Only 1% of patients had progressive disease. Five-year overall survival was 95%. With this regimen, cumulative doses of alkylators, anthracyclines, and epipodophyllotoxins are below thresholds usually associated with significant long-term toxicity. ABVE-PC is a dose-dense regimen that provides outstanding event-free survival/overall survival with short duration, early-response-adapted therapy. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00005578.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology