A Review on Imiquimod Therapy and Discussion on Optimal Management of Basal Cell Carcinomas

Preetha Kamath, Evan Darwin, Harleen Arora, Keyvan Nouri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of skin cancer with an increasing incidence. However, it is still poorly researched compared to many other human diseases. Today, cutaneous neoplasms are a frequent, major problem faced by medical professionals. BCC tumors can cause extensive cosmetic distress as well as disfigurement to patients especially when on the face. Treatment options include surgery, systemic agents, and topical agents. Over the past few decades more studies have been performed to evaluate the utility of topical imiquimod therapy for treatment of BCC. Imiquimod is a toll-like receptor that modifies the immune response via the up-regulation of cytokines and has the capacity to improve a person’s immune response. Multiple clinical studies have demonstrated the ability of topical imiquimod to diminish or even eradicate basal cell carcinoma. Given this variety of treatment options and the need for noninvasive options, this review is focused on summarizing the existing information available on the use of imiquimod for BCC and comparing it to other treatment modalities. While excision is the first line treatment and often has greater success with regards to clearance, imiquimod has been shown to be an efficacious treatment modality for BCC. Imiquimod therapy has been shown to be a less invasive and cheaper option than many other treatment modalities. It may be used as either monotherapy or in combination with other treatments, though occlusion has not been shown to be helpful. Several dosing regimens have been studied in the literature. Dosing should take into account factors such as the type of BCC, location, and physician/patient comfort with the regimen. Variability in response to treatment with imiquimod amongst studies suggests that response to treatment may depend on location of lesion, thus more research must be done in this area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalClinical Drug Investigation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

imiquimod
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Therapeutics
Skin Neoplasms
Toll-Like Receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

A Review on Imiquimod Therapy and Discussion on Optimal Management of Basal Cell Carcinomas. / Kamath, Preetha; Darwin, Evan; Arora, Harleen; Nouri, Keyvan.

In: Clinical Drug Investigation, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{46d3ff35d3974fa982d933cde601eaca,
title = "A Review on Imiquimod Therapy and Discussion on Optimal Management of Basal Cell Carcinomas",
abstract = "Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of skin cancer with an increasing incidence. However, it is still poorly researched compared to many other human diseases. Today, cutaneous neoplasms are a frequent, major problem faced by medical professionals. BCC tumors can cause extensive cosmetic distress as well as disfigurement to patients especially when on the face. Treatment options include surgery, systemic agents, and topical agents. Over the past few decades more studies have been performed to evaluate the utility of topical imiquimod therapy for treatment of BCC. Imiquimod is a toll-like receptor that modifies the immune response via the up-regulation of cytokines and has the capacity to improve a person’s immune response. Multiple clinical studies have demonstrated the ability of topical imiquimod to diminish or even eradicate basal cell carcinoma. Given this variety of treatment options and the need for noninvasive options, this review is focused on summarizing the existing information available on the use of imiquimod for BCC and comparing it to other treatment modalities. While excision is the first line treatment and often has greater success with regards to clearance, imiquimod has been shown to be an efficacious treatment modality for BCC. Imiquimod therapy has been shown to be a less invasive and cheaper option than many other treatment modalities. It may be used as either monotherapy or in combination with other treatments, though occlusion has not been shown to be helpful. Several dosing regimens have been studied in the literature. Dosing should take into account factors such as the type of BCC, location, and physician/patient comfort with the regimen. Variability in response to treatment with imiquimod amongst studies suggests that response to treatment may depend on location of lesion, thus more research must be done in this area.",
author = "Preetha Kamath and Evan Darwin and Harleen Arora and Keyvan Nouri",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s40261-018-0681-x",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Clinical Drug Investigation",
issn = "1173-2563",
publisher = "Adis International Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Review on Imiquimod Therapy and Discussion on Optimal Management of Basal Cell Carcinomas

AU - Kamath, Preetha

AU - Darwin, Evan

AU - Arora, Harleen

AU - Nouri, Keyvan

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of skin cancer with an increasing incidence. However, it is still poorly researched compared to many other human diseases. Today, cutaneous neoplasms are a frequent, major problem faced by medical professionals. BCC tumors can cause extensive cosmetic distress as well as disfigurement to patients especially when on the face. Treatment options include surgery, systemic agents, and topical agents. Over the past few decades more studies have been performed to evaluate the utility of topical imiquimod therapy for treatment of BCC. Imiquimod is a toll-like receptor that modifies the immune response via the up-regulation of cytokines and has the capacity to improve a person’s immune response. Multiple clinical studies have demonstrated the ability of topical imiquimod to diminish or even eradicate basal cell carcinoma. Given this variety of treatment options and the need for noninvasive options, this review is focused on summarizing the existing information available on the use of imiquimod for BCC and comparing it to other treatment modalities. While excision is the first line treatment and often has greater success with regards to clearance, imiquimod has been shown to be an efficacious treatment modality for BCC. Imiquimod therapy has been shown to be a less invasive and cheaper option than many other treatment modalities. It may be used as either monotherapy or in combination with other treatments, though occlusion has not been shown to be helpful. Several dosing regimens have been studied in the literature. Dosing should take into account factors such as the type of BCC, location, and physician/patient comfort with the regimen. Variability in response to treatment with imiquimod amongst studies suggests that response to treatment may depend on location of lesion, thus more research must be done in this area.

AB - Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of skin cancer with an increasing incidence. However, it is still poorly researched compared to many other human diseases. Today, cutaneous neoplasms are a frequent, major problem faced by medical professionals. BCC tumors can cause extensive cosmetic distress as well as disfigurement to patients especially when on the face. Treatment options include surgery, systemic agents, and topical agents. Over the past few decades more studies have been performed to evaluate the utility of topical imiquimod therapy for treatment of BCC. Imiquimod is a toll-like receptor that modifies the immune response via the up-regulation of cytokines and has the capacity to improve a person’s immune response. Multiple clinical studies have demonstrated the ability of topical imiquimod to diminish or even eradicate basal cell carcinoma. Given this variety of treatment options and the need for noninvasive options, this review is focused on summarizing the existing information available on the use of imiquimod for BCC and comparing it to other treatment modalities. While excision is the first line treatment and often has greater success with regards to clearance, imiquimod has been shown to be an efficacious treatment modality for BCC. Imiquimod therapy has been shown to be a less invasive and cheaper option than many other treatment modalities. It may be used as either monotherapy or in combination with other treatments, though occlusion has not been shown to be helpful. Several dosing regimens have been studied in the literature. Dosing should take into account factors such as the type of BCC, location, and physician/patient comfort with the regimen. Variability in response to treatment with imiquimod amongst studies suggests that response to treatment may depend on location of lesion, thus more research must be done in this area.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85052501867&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85052501867&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s40261-018-0681-x

DO - 10.1007/s40261-018-0681-x

M3 - Article

C2 - 30128748

AN - SCOPUS:85052501867

JO - Clinical Drug Investigation

JF - Clinical Drug Investigation

SN - 1173-2563

ER -