A review of childhood abuse, health, and pain-related problems: The role of psychiatric disorders and current life stress

Natalie Sachs-Ericsson, Kiara Cromer, Annya Hernandez, Kathleen Kendall-Tackett

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current article reviews recent research demonstrating the relationship between childhood physical and sexual abuse and adult health problems. Adult survivors of childhood abuse have more health problems and more painful symptoms. We have found that psychiatric disorders account for some, but not all, of these symptoms, and that current life stress doubles the effect of childhood abuse on health problems. Possible etiologic factors in survivors' health problems include abuse-related alterations in brain functioning that can increase vulnerability to stress and decrease immune function. Adult survivors are also more likely to participate in risky behaviors that undermine health or to have cognitions and beliefs that amplify health problems. Psychiatric disorders, although not the primary cause of difficulties, do have a role in exacerbating health and pain-related problems. We conclude by outlining treatment recommendations for abuse survivors in health care settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)170-188
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Trauma and Dissociation
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 26 2009

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Keywords

  • Child abuse
  • Health psychiatric disorders
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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