Menopausal ovaries undergo morphological changes, known as ovarian aging, which are implicated in the high incidence of ovarian cancer occurring during the perimenopausal and immediate postmenopausal periods. The germ cell-deficient Wv mice recapitulate these postmenopausal alterations in ovarian morphology and develop tubular adenomas. We demonstrate that a reduction of cyclooxygenase 2 gene dosage rescued the ovarian aging phenotype of the Wv mice, whereas homozygous deletion was accompanied by a compensatory increase in ovarian cyclooxygenase 1 expression and prostaglandin E2 synthesis. Cyclooxygenase inhibitors also reduced the tumor phenotype in a preliminary study. These findings suggest that increased cyclooxygenase activity contributes to the preneoplastic morphological changes of the ovarian surface epithelium, which can be reversed by a reduction of gene dosage achieved by either genetic or pharmacological approaches.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine