A reassessment of the soil sink for atmospheric carbon tetrachloride based upon static flux chamber measurements

James D Happell, Yudania Mendoza, Kelly Goodwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Static flux chamber measurements of CCl4 uptake by soils in boreal, subtropical and tropical forests have been used to reassess the sink strength for this ozone depleting chemical. Happell and Roche (Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(2), 1088-1091, 2003) used flux estimates from soil concentration gradients to calculate a partial CCl4 atmospheric lifetime (τsoil) of 90 years. More recently, it is has been assumed that a better estimate of τsoil is 195 years (Montzka et al. 2011). In the work here, the rate of CCl4 uptake was calculated from 453 flux chamber measurements using an exponential fit to the chamber CCl4 concentration change with time. This analysis indicated that the flux rate estimate in Happell and Roche (Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(2) 1088-1091, 2003) was overestimated by 2.75, yielding a new estimate of τsoil for CCl4of 245 years. Significant correlations of CCl4 uptake to temperature, soil moisture, or time of year were not observed. This work provides additional evidence that CCl4 uptake by soils is a common process and needs to be considered when developing an atmospheric budget for this compound.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-123
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Atmospheric Chemistry
Volume71
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2014

Keywords

  • Atmospheric budget
  • CCl
  • Flux chamber
  • Sink
  • Soil uptake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Environmental Chemistry

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