A rare case of a cutaneous squamomelanocytic tumor: Revisiting the histogenesis of combined neoplasms

Mariya Miteva, David Herschthal, Carlos Ricotti, Helmut Kerl, Paolo Romanelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe what we believe to be the seventh report of a combined tumor with histologic features of both malignant melanoma and a squamous cell carcinoma, a squamomelanocytic tumor. An 82-year-old woman presented with a nondescript, skin-colored, firm papule on her nose. Histology showed 2 different neoplastic cell proliferations: atypical squamoid cells and irregularly shaped nests of atypical pigmented epithelioid cells (melanocytes) arranged in small to large nests at the dermal-epidermal junction and within the epidermis. Both components were closely admixed and restricted to the epidermis. Immunohistochemistry showed diffuse cytoplasmic reactivity for pancytokeratin in all areas supporting the histopathologic features of a squamous cell carcinoma. S-100 and melanoma antigen recognized by T cells 1 did not stain these areas and showed strong selective positivity for the atypical melanocytic component. A true malignant proliferation of 2 distinct cell phenotypes due to close paracrine interactions is our favored interpretation because of the intimate admixture, distinct immunohistochemical pattern, and unique histologic features. Perhaps, chronic sun damage (facial location and advanced age) and reduced immunity (history of other malignancies, particularly recent history of a basal cell carcinoma) played a complementary role for the development of the squamomelanocytic tumor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)599-603
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Dermatopathology
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2009

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Keywords

  • Biphasic tumor
  • Collision
  • Cytokeratin
  • Intermingled tumor
  • Malignant melanoma
  • MART-1
  • MM
  • S-100
  • SCC
  • Skin
  • SMT
  • Squamous cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Dermatology

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