A randomized clinical trial of an HIV-risk-reduction intervention among low-income Latina women

Nilda Peragallo, Bruce DeForge, Patricia O'Campo, Sun Mi Lee, Young Ju Kim, Rosina Cianelli, Lilian Ferrer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

110 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: HIV infection has increased within the Latina community more than in any other ethnic or racial group I within the United States. Latinas comprise only 13% of the U.S. population, yet they account for 20% of the cumulative reported cases of AIDS. Objectives: The purpose of the study was to evaluate a randomized culturally tailored intervention to prevent high-HIV-risk sexual behaviors for Latina women residing in urban areas. Methods: Mexican and Puerto Rican women (18-44 years of age; N = 657) who were sexually active during the previous 3 months were recruited and randomized into intervention and control groups. The intervention, facilitated by bilingual, bicultural, trained Latina women, consisted of culturally tailored sessions on understanding their bodies, HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases, condoms (myths and use), negotiating safer sex practices, violence prevention, and partner communication. Bivariate and multivariate analyses assessed changes from baseline. Results: The intervention improved HIV knowledge, partner communication, risk-reduction behavioral intentions, and condom use, and decreased perceived barriers to condom use. Discussion: The efficacy of a culturally-sensitive intervention to reduce HIV/AIDS-risk behaviors in Latina women was demonstrated in the current study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)108-118
Number of pages11
JournalNursing research
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Latina
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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