A randomized clinical trial of an HIV-risk-reduction intervention among low-income Latina women

Nilda Peragallo, Bruce DeForge, Patricia O'Campo, Sun Mi Lee, Young Ju Kim, Rosina Cianelli, Lilian Ferrer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: HIV infection has increased within the Latina community more than in any other ethnic or racial group I within the United States. Latinas comprise only 13% of the U.S. population, yet they account for 20% of the cumulative reported cases of AIDS. Objectives: The purpose of the study was to evaluate a randomized culturally tailored intervention to prevent high-HIV-risk sexual behaviors for Latina women residing in urban areas. Methods: Mexican and Puerto Rican women (18-44 years of age; N = 657) who were sexually active during the previous 3 months were recruited and randomized into intervention and control groups. The intervention, facilitated by bilingual, bicultural, trained Latina women, consisted of culturally tailored sessions on understanding their bodies, HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases, condoms (myths and use), negotiating safer sex practices, violence prevention, and partner communication. Bivariate and multivariate analyses assessed changes from baseline. Results: The intervention improved HIV knowledge, partner communication, risk-reduction behavioral intentions, and condom use, and decreased perceived barriers to condom use. Discussion: The efficacy of a culturally-sensitive intervention to reduce HIV/AIDS-risk behaviors in Latina women was demonstrated in the current study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-118
Number of pages11
JournalNursing Research
Volume54
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005

Fingerprint

Risk Reduction Behavior
Hispanic Americans
Randomized Controlled Trials
HIV
Condoms
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Interpersonal Relations
Risk-Taking
Safe Sex
Negotiating
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Violence
Sexual Behavior
HIV Infections
Multivariate Analysis
Control Groups
Population

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Latina
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Peragallo, N., DeForge, B., O'Campo, P., Lee, S. M., Kim, Y. J., Cianelli, R., & Ferrer, L. (2005). A randomized clinical trial of an HIV-risk-reduction intervention among low-income Latina women. Nursing Research, 54(2), 108-118.

A randomized clinical trial of an HIV-risk-reduction intervention among low-income Latina women. / Peragallo, Nilda; DeForge, Bruce; O'Campo, Patricia; Lee, Sun Mi; Kim, Young Ju; Cianelli, Rosina; Ferrer, Lilian.

In: Nursing Research, Vol. 54, No. 2, 01.03.2005, p. 108-118.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Peragallo, N, DeForge, B, O'Campo, P, Lee, SM, Kim, YJ, Cianelli, R & Ferrer, L 2005, 'A randomized clinical trial of an HIV-risk-reduction intervention among low-income Latina women', Nursing Research, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 108-118.
Peragallo N, DeForge B, O'Campo P, Lee SM, Kim YJ, Cianelli R et al. A randomized clinical trial of an HIV-risk-reduction intervention among low-income Latina women. Nursing Research. 2005 Mar 1;54(2):108-118.
Peragallo, Nilda ; DeForge, Bruce ; O'Campo, Patricia ; Lee, Sun Mi ; Kim, Young Ju ; Cianelli, Rosina ; Ferrer, Lilian. / A randomized clinical trial of an HIV-risk-reduction intervention among low-income Latina women. In: Nursing Research. 2005 ; Vol. 54, No. 2. pp. 108-118.
@article{ac08b62686ad43feacf9a394e3bd3814,
title = "A randomized clinical trial of an HIV-risk-reduction intervention among low-income Latina women",
abstract = "Background: HIV infection has increased within the Latina community more than in any other ethnic or racial group I within the United States. Latinas comprise only 13{\%} of the U.S. population, yet they account for 20{\%} of the cumulative reported cases of AIDS. Objectives: The purpose of the study was to evaluate a randomized culturally tailored intervention to prevent high-HIV-risk sexual behaviors for Latina women residing in urban areas. Methods: Mexican and Puerto Rican women (18-44 years of age; N = 657) who were sexually active during the previous 3 months were recruited and randomized into intervention and control groups. The intervention, facilitated by bilingual, bicultural, trained Latina women, consisted of culturally tailored sessions on understanding their bodies, HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases, condoms (myths and use), negotiating safer sex practices, violence prevention, and partner communication. Bivariate and multivariate analyses assessed changes from baseline. Results: The intervention improved HIV knowledge, partner communication, risk-reduction behavioral intentions, and condom use, and decreased perceived barriers to condom use. Discussion: The efficacy of a culturally-sensitive intervention to reduce HIV/AIDS-risk behaviors in Latina women was demonstrated in the current study.",
keywords = "HIV, Latina, Prevention",
author = "Nilda Peragallo and Bruce DeForge and Patricia O'Campo and Lee, {Sun Mi} and Kim, {Young Ju} and Rosina Cianelli and Lilian Ferrer",
year = "2005",
month = "3",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
pages = "108--118",
journal = "Nursing Research",
issn = "0029-6562",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A randomized clinical trial of an HIV-risk-reduction intervention among low-income Latina women

AU - Peragallo, Nilda

AU - DeForge, Bruce

AU - O'Campo, Patricia

AU - Lee, Sun Mi

AU - Kim, Young Ju

AU - Cianelli, Rosina

AU - Ferrer, Lilian

PY - 2005/3/1

Y1 - 2005/3/1

N2 - Background: HIV infection has increased within the Latina community more than in any other ethnic or racial group I within the United States. Latinas comprise only 13% of the U.S. population, yet they account for 20% of the cumulative reported cases of AIDS. Objectives: The purpose of the study was to evaluate a randomized culturally tailored intervention to prevent high-HIV-risk sexual behaviors for Latina women residing in urban areas. Methods: Mexican and Puerto Rican women (18-44 years of age; N = 657) who were sexually active during the previous 3 months were recruited and randomized into intervention and control groups. The intervention, facilitated by bilingual, bicultural, trained Latina women, consisted of culturally tailored sessions on understanding their bodies, HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases, condoms (myths and use), negotiating safer sex practices, violence prevention, and partner communication. Bivariate and multivariate analyses assessed changes from baseline. Results: The intervention improved HIV knowledge, partner communication, risk-reduction behavioral intentions, and condom use, and decreased perceived barriers to condom use. Discussion: The efficacy of a culturally-sensitive intervention to reduce HIV/AIDS-risk behaviors in Latina women was demonstrated in the current study.

AB - Background: HIV infection has increased within the Latina community more than in any other ethnic or racial group I within the United States. Latinas comprise only 13% of the U.S. population, yet they account for 20% of the cumulative reported cases of AIDS. Objectives: The purpose of the study was to evaluate a randomized culturally tailored intervention to prevent high-HIV-risk sexual behaviors for Latina women residing in urban areas. Methods: Mexican and Puerto Rican women (18-44 years of age; N = 657) who were sexually active during the previous 3 months were recruited and randomized into intervention and control groups. The intervention, facilitated by bilingual, bicultural, trained Latina women, consisted of culturally tailored sessions on understanding their bodies, HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases, condoms (myths and use), negotiating safer sex practices, violence prevention, and partner communication. Bivariate and multivariate analyses assessed changes from baseline. Results: The intervention improved HIV knowledge, partner communication, risk-reduction behavioral intentions, and condom use, and decreased perceived barriers to condom use. Discussion: The efficacy of a culturally-sensitive intervention to reduce HIV/AIDS-risk behaviors in Latina women was demonstrated in the current study.

KW - HIV

KW - Latina

KW - Prevention

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=17244375905&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=17244375905&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 54

SP - 108

EP - 118

JO - Nursing Research

JF - Nursing Research

SN - 0029-6562

IS - 2

ER -