Objective: To compare the safety and efficacy of add-on lamotrigine and placebo in the treatment of children and adolescents with partial seizures. Background: Add-on and monotherapy lamotrigine is safe and effective in adults with partial seizures, and reports of preliminary uncontrolled trials suggest similar benefits in children. Methods: We studied 201 children with diagnoses of partial seizures of any subtype currently receiving stable conventional regimens of antiepileptic therapy at 40 study sites in the United States and France. After a baseline observation period (to confirm that more than four seizures occurred in each of two consecutive 4-week periods), patients were randomized to add-on lamotrigine or placebo therapy. A 6-week dose-escalation period was followed by a 12-week maintenance period. Results: Compared with placebo, lamotrigine significantly reduced the frequency of all partial seizures and the frequency of secondarily generalized partial seizures in these treatment-resistant patients. The most commonly reported adverse events in the lamotrigine-treated patients were vomiting, somnolence, and infection; the frequency of these and other adverse events was similar to that in the placebo-treated group, with the exception of ataxia, dizziness, tremor, and nausea, which were more frequent in the lamotrigine-treated group. The frequency of withdrawals for adverse events was similar between groups. Two patients were hospitalized for skin rash, which resolved after discontinuation of lamotrigine therapy. Conclusions: Lamotrigine was effective for the adjunctive treatment of partial seizures in children and demonstrated an acceptable safety profile.
- Partial seizures
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