A phase II study of neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy with 5-fluorodeoxyuridine, leucovorin, oxaliplatin and docetaxel in the treatment of previously untreated advanced esophageal adenocarcinoma

Naveenraj Solomon, Dmitry Mezentsev, Isildinha Reis, Myra Lima, Joyce Rios, Eli Avisar, Dido Franceschi, Alan Livingstone, Lisa Podolsky, Bach Ardalan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: A complete pathologic response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, without the use of radiation, has infrequently been reported in operable chemo-naïve stage III esophageal adenocarcinoma patients. Methods: Twenty-nine eligible patients were enrolled in the study. Neoadjuvant therapy consisted of 5-fluorodeoxyuridine, leucovorin, oxaliplatin and docetaxel and was administered in two 4-week cycles. Following therapy, patients underwent surgical resection. Those patients having residual disease were offered adjuvant chemotherapy. Patients having a complete pathologic response were not offered any further chemotherapy. Results: Twenty-four out of 29 patients finished neoadjuvant therapy and underwent curative esophagectomy. Two patients were declared inoperable after treatment, and three patients died prior to surgery. The median follow-up on all patients was 20.2 months. Median progression-free survival and median overall survival were 13.6 and 21.4 months, respectively. Clinical response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was seen in 21 out of 29 patients (72.4%). Complete pathologic response with neoadjuvant chemotherapy was seen in 4 out of 24 patients (16.7%). Those four patients have been alive and progression-free for 20-37 months. Grade 3-4 toxicities occurred in 16 of the 29 patients during neoadjuvant therapy. Grade 3-4 toxicities were seen in 6 out of 14 patients during adjuvant therapy. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography standardized uptake values of ≥8 correlated with better progression-free survival. Conclusion: 5-Fluorodeoxyuridine, leucovorin, oxaliplatin and docetaxel regimen is active in patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma. Toxicity profiles are manageable. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy allowed achievement of complete pathologic response without radiation. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography standardized uptake values might be prognostic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberhyq239
Pages (from-to)469-476
Number of pages8
JournalJapanese journal of clinical oncology
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2011

Keywords

  • GI-esophagus-med
  • GI-esophagus-surg
  • Thoracic-esophagus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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