The aim of this prospective phase II trial was to determine the safety and efficacy of a nonmyeloablative conditioning program incorporating peritransplant rituximab in patients with CD20+ B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) receiving an allogeneic stem cell transplant (allo-SCT). Fifty-one adult B-NHL patients, with a median age of 54years, were treated with cyclophosphamide, fludarabine, and 200cGy of total body irradiation. Rituximab 375mg/m2 was given on day-8 and in 4 weekly doses beginning day+21. Equine antithymocyte globulin was given to recipients of volunteer unrelated donor grafts. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis consisted of cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil and tacrolimus, sirolimus, and methotrexate in 8 and 43 patients, respectively. Thirty-three patients received grafts from unrelated donors, and 18 received grafts from matched related donors. All patients engrafted. Full donor chimerism in bone marrow and peripheral T cells was seen in 92% and 89% of patients, respectively, at 3months after allo-SCT. The cumulative incidence of grades II to IV acute GVHD at 6months was 25% (95% confidence interval [CI], 13% to 38%) and grades III to IV was 11% (95% CI, 2% to 20%). The 2-year cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 29% (95% CI, 15% to 44%). The 2-year event-free and overall survival for all patients was 72% (95% CI, 59% to 85%) and 78% (95% CI, 66% to 90%), respectively. The 2-year event-free survival for chemosensitive patients was 84% (95% CI, 72% to 96%) compared with 30% (95% CI, 2% to 58%) for chemorefractory patients before allo-SCT (P<.001). This nonmyeloablative regimen, with peritransplant rituximab, is safe and effective in patients with B-NHL.
- Allogeneic stem cell transplant
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
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