A Parallel Process Model of Integration and Multidimensional Prosocial Behaviors in Recent Immigrant U.S. Latinx Adolescents

Meredith McGinley, Alexandra N. Davis, Gustavo Carlo, Seth J. Schwartz, Elma I. Lorenzo-Blanco, Jennifer B. Unger, José Szapocznik, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Daniel W. Soto, Sabrina E. Des Rosiers, Juan A. Villamar, Karina M. Lizzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


With a growing population of Latinx youth immigrating to the United States, it is important to understand how Latinx youth adapt to mainstream U.S. culture. Given that the majority of research examining social development among recent immigrant adolescents has focused on negative adjustment outcomes, research examining positive social behaviors is needed to avoid deficit approaches to their development, gain a holistic understanding of youth development, and improve interventions with this population.This study examined the associations among trajectories in cultural integration and multiple prosocial behaviors among recent immigrant U.S. Latinx adolescents in Miami, Florida and Los Angeles, California. Adolescents (N = 302; 53.3% males; M age = 14.51 years) completed measures of integration and prosocial behaviors across six time points. Latent growth curve models indicated that integration significantly increased, though this growth tapered off over time. The growth in prosocial behaviors depended on the specific form of helping assessed. While the growth in altruistic and compliant prosocial behaviors was stagnant, there was an increase in anonymous prosocial behaviors and a decrease in public and dire prosocial behaviors. Emotional behaviors did not linearly change, though slightly tapered off by the final time points. Parallel process latent growth curve model results indicated positive correlations between the slopes of cultural integration and most forms of prosocial behaviors. These findings highlight the positive role of cultural integration as an acculturative process for U.S. Latinx youth and the multidimensionality of prosocial behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1237-1267
Number of pages31
JournalPsychological reports
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • Acculturation
  • Latinx immigrants
  • adolescent development
  • cultural integration
  • longitudinal methodology
  • parallel process model
  • prosocial behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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