We describe a spontaneously derived mouse line that completely failed to induce Ig class switching in vitro and in vivo. The mice inherited abolished IgG serum titers in a recessive manner caused by a spontaneous G→A transition mutation in codon 112 of the aicda gene, leading to an arginine to histidine replacement (AIDR112H). Ig class switching was completely reconstituted by expressing wild-type AID. Mice homozygous for AIDR112H had peripheral B cell hyperplasia and large germinal centers in the absence of Ag challenge. Immunization with SRBCs elicited an Ag-specific IgG1 response in wild-type mice, whereas AIDR112H mice failed to produce IgG1 and had reduced somatic hypermutation. The phenotype recapitulates the human hyper-IgM (HIGM) syndrome that is caused by point mutations in the orthologous gene in humans, and the AIDR112H mutation is frequently found in HIGM patients. The AIDR112H mouse model for HIGM provides a powerful and more precise tool than conventional knockout strategies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy