A Novel Method for Direct Assessment of Everyday Competence among Older Adults

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background: Recent findings indicate that impairments in functional performance do occur among individuals diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Most assessment strategies for everyday competence are associated with challenges with reliability, are typically in paper and pencil format, or require in-person administration by a trained professional. Objective: This paper reports on a novel technology-based assessment battery of everyday competence that includes ecologically valid simulations of daily activities important to independence. Methods: The sample included 85 non-cognitively impaired older adults aged 65 and 62 older adults diagnosed with amnestic MCI (aMCI). Participants completed standard measures of cognitive abilities and the computerized battery of everyday tasks, which included simulations of a doctor's visit; and medication and financial management tasks. Results: The older adults with aMCI performed significantly poorer on all three tasks in the everyday task battery. Performance on these measures were also moderately correlated with standard measures of cognitive abilities and showed good test-retest reliability. Conclusions: The results show that it is feasible to use a technology-based assessment battery of everyday tasks with both non-cognitively impaired older adults and older adults with MCI. The use of this type of battery can overcome many of the logistic constraints associated with current functional assessment protocols.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1229-1238
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

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Keywords

  • Assessment
  • cognition
  • everyday competence
  • mild cognitive impairment
  • technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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